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There is now strong evidence of progressive neuropathological processes in bipolar disorder (BD). On this basis, the current understanding of the neurobiology of BD has shifted from an initial focus on monoamines, subsequently including evidence of changes in intracellular second messenger systems and more recently to, incorporating changes in inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of people at high risk of becoming psychotic within the near future creates opportunities for early intervention prior to the onset of psychosis to prevent or minimise later ill-health. The present study combines current knowledge about risk factors for schizophrenia with our knowledge of psychotic prodromes in an attempt to(More)
The initial prodrome in psychosis is potentially important for early intervention, identification of biological markers, and understanding the process of becoming psychotic. This article reviews the previous literature on prodrome, including descriptions of symptoms and signs, and patterns and durations of prodromes in both schizophrenic and affective(More)
This article describes the theoretical background, origins, and development of a new clinical service for intervention in the putatively prodromal phase of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Establishing such a service required examination of conceptual issues such as the meaning of the prodrome in psychosis and its association with risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Working memory has been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia that is associated with negative symptoms, but it is unclear whether it is impaired prior to onset of psychosis in symptomatic patients. METHOD Thirty-eight young people at ultra high-risk (UHR) of developing psychosis (of whom nine later became psychotic) were(More)
BACKGROUND Internet and mobile-based interventions provide a unique opportunity to deliver cost-effective, accessible, time-unlimited support to people with psychosis. The aims of this study were to systematically compile and analyze the evidence on the acceptability, feasibility, safety and benefits of online and mobile-based interventions for psychosis.(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies investigating the impact of comorbid substance use disorders (SUD) in psychosis have tended to focus on cross-sectional data, with few studies examining the effects of substance use course on clinical outcome. The main aim of the present study was to assess the impact of baseline SUD and course of SUD on remission of positive symptoms. (More)
BACKGROUND The ACE project involved 62 participants with a first episode of psychosis randomly assigned to either a cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention known as Active Cognitive Therapy for Early Psychosis (ACE) or a control condition known as Befriending. The study hypotheses were that: (1) treating participants with ACE in the acute phase would(More)
Early intervention at the onset of psychotic disorders is a highly attractive theoretical notion that is receiving increasing international interest. In practical terms, it amounts to first deciding when a psychotic disorder can be said to have commenced and then offering potentially effective treatment at the earliest possible point. A second element(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively few predictors of outcome in first-episode psychosis are potentially malleable and duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is one. However, the degree to which DUP is mediated by other predictors of outcome is unclear. This study examines the specific effects of DUP on 12-month outcome after adjusting for effects of potential confounders(More)