PD Dr. H. C. Spangenberg

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The adhesion of activated platelets to leukocytes (rosette formation) seems to be mediated by CD62 on platelets and its counter-receptor (CD15 or a sialic acid-containing glycoprotein) on polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL). However, neither treatment of platelets with an anti-CD62 antibody or fucoidan nor treatment of PMNL with anti-CD15 antibody or(More)
Platelet reduced glutathione (GSH) is completely depleted by 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), which is a substrate for GSH-S-transferase. GSH-depleted platelets: a) aggregate normally at high inducer concentration; b) respond with increased (after arachidonic acid) or depressed (after collagen) aggregability at low inducer concentration; c) show almost(More)
Platelet activation is accompanied by changes in the composition of the platelet cytoskeleton with rapid incorporation and displacement of certain proteins. Here we have inhibited cytoskeletal assembly by pretreating platelets with cytochalasin D (CyD) and investigated the effect on the stability of the aggregates that form. The experiments were performed(More)
Platelets contain a well-developed and dynamic cytoskeleton composed mainly of actin and actin-associated proteins. Upon platelet activation there is rapid polymerisation of actin and a marked reorganisation of the platelet cytoskeleton. Cytochalasins are agents that interfere with the polymerisation of actin, and it has recently been discovered that(More)
It has been suggested that extracts of feverfew may inhibit platelet behaviour via effects on platelet sulphydryl groups. In the present study we have obtained evidence for such a mode of action. Compounds that contain sulphydryl groups such as cysteine and N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine prevented the inhibition of platelet behaviour by feverfew. Feverfew(More)
It has been reported that platelets stimulate generation of reactive oxygen species in neutrophils and monocytes by a mechanism that requires mutual cell-cell contact and the presence of P-selectin on the platelet surface. In the present study we investigated the effect of platelet-neutrophil contacts on neutrophil elastase secretion and phagocytic(More)
A method for the preparation of human blood platelets is presented which substitutes the use of anticoagulants by a gelfiltration for the removal of plasma calcium from native blood. In a second step the platelets are separated from the gel filtered blood by a centrifugation on a Ficoll density gradient. The anticoagulant-free platelets reveal an intact(More)
In the literature the values for phospholipid content and the pattern of human gel-filtered platelets diverge considerably. In order to find the possible reasons for these discrepancies, the separation of plasma constituents from gel-filtered platelets and the influence of different extraction methods were reinvestigated. The critical point in phospholipid(More)
Occlusive vascular diseases are promoted by a "prethrombotic state" with increased platelet activity. Polymerization of cytoskeletal proteins and exposure of subcellular structures or rebinding of secreted proteins have been characterized as early reactions after platelet activation preceding adhesion and aggregation. Here, we demonstrate the kinetic(More)