Learn More
Turner's syndrome is a sporadic disorder of human females in which all or part of one X chromosome is deleted. Intelligence is usually normal but social adjustment problems are common. Here we report a study of 80 females with Turner's syndrome and a single X chromosome, in 55 of which the X was maternally derived (45,X[m]) and in 25 it was of paternal(More)
To understand the origins of the fragile X syndrome and factors predisposing alleles to instability and hyperexpansion, we have compared the haplotype (using markers FRAXAC1, FRAXAC2, and DXS548) and AGG interspersion patterns of the FMR1 CGG repeat for 214 normal and 16 premutation chromosomes. Association testing between interspersion pattern and(More)
In its expanded form, the fragile X triplet repeat at Xq27.3 gives rise to the most common form of inherited mental retardation, fragile X syndrome. This high population frequency persists despite strong selective pressure against mutation-bearing chromosomes. Males carrying the full mutation rarely reproduce and females heterozygous for the premutation(More)
The presence of an extra Y chromosome in males is a relatively common occurrence, the 47,XYY karyotype being found in approximately 1 in 1000 male births. The error of disjunction must occur either during paternal meiosis II or as a post-zygotic mitotic error, both of which are rare events for other chromosomes. It is therefore of interest to determine when(More)
The most common genetic cause of mental retardation after Down's syndrome, the fragile X syndrome, is associated with the occurrence of a fragile site at Xq27.3. This X-linked disease is intriguing because transmission can occur through phenotypically normal males. Theories to explain this unusual phenomenon include genomic rearrangements and methylation(More)
To assess the possible association between aberrant recombination and XY chromosome nondisjunction, we compared pseudoautosomal region recombination rates in male meiosis resulting in 47,XXY offspring with those resulting in 46,XY and 46,XX offspring. Forty-one paternally derived 47,XXYs and their parents were tested at six polymorphic loci spanning the(More)
X-monosomy is a form of Turner syndrome (TS) in which an entire X chromosome is missing. It is usually assumed that neuropsychological deficits in females with TS result from insufficient dosage of gene products from alleles on the sex chromosomes. If so, then parental origin of the single X chromosome should be immaterial. However, if there are imprinted(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the systematic analysis of constitutional de novo apparently balanced translocations in patients presenting with abnormal phenotypes, characterise the structural chromosome rearrangements, map the translocation breakpoints, and report detectable genomic imbalances. METHODS DNA microarrays were used with a resolution of 1 Mb for the(More)