• Publications
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The Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS): a method of assessing executive function in children
  • P. Zelazo
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Nature Protocols
  • 2006
The dimensional change card sort (DCCS) is an easily administered and widely used measure of executive function that is suitable for use with participants across a wide range of ages. In the standardExpand
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An age-related dissociation between knowing rules and using them ☆
Abstract Four experiments examined children's ability to use their knowledge to guide their behavior in a dimensional change (color-shape) card sort. In Experiment 1, 3- and 4-year-olds were told toExpand
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Theory of mind and rule-based reasoning
Abstract The hypothesis is tested that during the preschool period a particular form of reasoning is applied to theory of mind and a set of problems that do not require the understanding of mentalExpand
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Hot and Cool Executive Function in Childhood and Adolescence: Development and Plasticity
Executive function (EF), which refers to the more deliberate, top-down neurocognitive processes involved in self-regulation, develops most rapidly during the preschool years, together with the growthExpand
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Assessment of Hot and Cool Executive Function in Young Children: Age-Related Changes and Individual Differences
Although executive function (EF) is often considered a domain-general cognitive function, a distinction has been made between the "cool" cognitive aspects of EF more associated with dorsolateralExpand
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Development of “hot” executive function: The children’s gambling task
Development of affective decision-making was studied in 48 children at two ages (3 and 4 years) using a simplified version of the Iowa Gambling Task (). On each of 50 trials, children chose from 1 ofExpand
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The development of conscious control in childhood
  • P. Zelazo
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 31 January 2004
Developmental data suggest that the growth of executive function in childhood can be understood in terms of the development of consciousness. According to the "levels of consciousness" (LOC) model,Expand
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Cognition assessment using the NIH Toolbox
Cognition is 1 of 4 domains measured by the NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIH-TB), and complements modules testing motor function, sensation, and emotion. OnExpand
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