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Characterization of a Defensin from the Sand Fly Phlebotomus duboscqi Induced by Challenge with Bacteria or the Protozoan Parasite Leishmania major
The ability of gut pathogens to induce gut as well as fat body expression of defensin raises the possibility that this antimicrobial peptide might play a key role in the development of parasitic infections. Expand
Outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in northern Israel.
The northern part of this emerging focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Israel is distinct from all known L. tropica foci, and P. arabicus is the main vector, and it transmits parasites that are different from other L. Tropica isolates, with respect to antigenic, molecular, and biochemical parameters. Expand
Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum transmitted by Phlebotomus tobbi.
Transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania infantum was studied in South Anatolia, Turkey and it is suggested that the transmission cycle could be anthroponotic. Expand
Genomic Confirmation of Hybridisation and Recent Inbreeding in a Vector-Isolated Leishmania Population
Patterns of linkage disequilibrium indicate that this population reproduced primarily clonally following the original hybridisation event, but that some recombination also occurred, the first quantitative estimate of these events during the Leishmania life cycle. Expand
ITS 2 sequences heterogeneity in Phlebotomus sergenti and Phlebotomus similis (Diptera, Psychodidae): possible consequences in their ability to transmit Leishmania tropica.
The results confirm the validity of the taxa morphologically characterised, and imply the revision of their distribution areas, and seem to be well supported by high degree of variation observed in the present study. Expand
The role of indigenous phlebotomine sandflies and mammals in the spreading of leishmaniasis agents in the Mediterranean region.
An updated view of the establishment and spread of the leishmaniases in Europe is presented, mostly with respect to newly emerging and re-emerging foci and the incrimination of neglected as well asExpand
Sand Flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in Sanliurfa, Turkey Relationship of Phlebotomus sergenti with the Epidemic of Anthroponotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
Surprisingly, there was no apparent decrease in the relative abundance of this vector versus the other species, suggesting that factor(s) other than a change in the dynamics of sand fly populations precipitated the decline of the human leishmaniasis epidemic in Sanliurfa. Expand
Canine Antibody Response to Phlebotomus perniciosus Bites Negatively Correlates with the Risk of Leishmania infantum Transmission
Monitoring canine antibody response to sand fly saliva in endemic foci could estimate the risk of L. infantum transmission for dogs and help to control canine leishmaniasis by evaluating the effectiveness of anti-vector campaigns. Expand
Repellent efficacy of a combination containing imidacloprid and permethrin against sand flies (Phlebotomus papatasi) in dogs
The study demonstrated the high repellent potential of the imidacloprid / permethrin combination, thus protecting dogs from sand fly bites. Expand
A lipophosphoglycan-independent development of Leishmania in permissive sand flies.
It is shown here that interactions involving 'permissive' sand flies utilize another molecules, a new binding modality for parasite transmission and evolution that may contribute to the successful spreading of Leishmania due to their adaptation into new vectors. Expand