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Measuring Numeracy without a Math Test: Development of the Subjective Numeracy Scale
Background. Basic numeracy skills are necessary before patients can understand the risks of medical treatments. Previous research has used objective measures, similar to mathematics tests, toExpand
When do patients and their physicians agree on diabetes treatment goals and strategies, and what difference does it make?
BACKGROUND: For patients with chronic illnesses, it is hypothesized that effective patient-provider collaboration contributes to improved patient self-care by promoting greater agreement onExpand
Assessing the economic challenges posed by orphan drugs
Historically, patients with rare diseases have been underserved by commercial drug development. In several jurisdictions, specific legislation has been enacted to encourage the development of drugsExpand
Caregiving Behavior Is Associated With Decreased Mortality Risk
Traditional investigations of caregiving link it to increased caregiver morbidity and mortality, but do not disentangle the effects of providing care from those of being continuously exposed to anExpand
American Society of Clinical Oncology guidance statement: the cost of cancer care.
Advances in early detection, prevention, and treatment have resulted in consistently falling cancer death rates in the United States. In parallel with these advances have come significant increasesExpand
Reducing the Influence of Anecdotal Reasoning on People’s Health Care Decisions: Is a Picture Worth a Thousand Statistics?
Background . People’s treatment decisions are often influenced by anecdotal rather than statistical information. This can lead to patients making decisions based on others’ experiences rather than onExpand
Incorporating societal concerns for fairness in numerical valuations of health programmes.
The paper addresses some limitations of the QALY approach and outlines a valuation procedure that may overcome these limitations. In particular, we focus on the following issues: the distinctionExpand
Helping patients decide: ten steps to better risk communication.
With increasing frequency, patients are being asked to make complex decisions about cancer screening, prevention, and treatment. These decisions are fraught with emotion and cognitive difficultyExpand
The impact of the format of graphical presentation on health-related knowledge and treatment choices.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of six graph formats to impart knowledge about treatment risks/benefits to low and high numeracy individuals. METHODS Participants were randomized to receiveExpand