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Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change
TLDR
It is concluded that anthropogenic climate change is having a significant impact on physical and biological systems globally and in some continents.
Challenging claims in the study of migratory birds and climate change
TLDR
A proper integration across biological disciplines seems essential for the field's transition from affirming patterns to understanding mechanisms and making robust predictions regarding future consequences of shifting phenologies.
Earlier arrival of some farmland migrants in western Poland
A dataset consisting of observations on the first arrival dates (FAD) of 16 species of birdsfrom a locality in western Poland during the period 1913–1996 is presented and analysed.For 14 of the 16
Generation time and temporal scaling of bird population dynamics
TLDR
Both the strength of total density dependence in the life history and the magnitude of environmental stochasticity, including transient fluctuations in age structure, increase with generation time, indicating that the relationships between demographic and life-history traits in birds translate into distinct population dynamical patterns that are apparent only on a scale of generations.
Habitat use and diet of the red foxVulpes vulpes in an agricultural landscape in Poland
SummaryRed foxVulpes vulpes density, diet and den site selection were studied in a unwooded farmland of western Poland. During years 1999–2000 snow tracking was performed, and in 1999 dens were
The Geography of Fear: A Latitudinal Gradient in Anti-Predator Escape Distances of Birds across Europe
TLDR
This study provides the first empirical documentation of a latitudinal trend in anti-predator behavior, which correlated positively with a similar trend in the abundance of predators, and was explained by raptor abundance gradients.
Long-Term Changes and Breeding Success in Relation to Nesting Structures used by the White Stork, Ciconia ciconia
TLDR
Breeding performance in stork nests on four types of structure (chimneys, roofs, trees and electricity poles) is analysed and the transfer of nests to platforms appears to have only a short-term adverse effect and may be beneficial in the long run.
The Design of Artificial Nestboxes for the Study of Secondary Hole-Nesting Birds: A Review of Methodological Inconsistencies and Potential Biases
TLDR
The types of descriptive data that should be included in the methods sections of relevant manuscripts are listed to improve the reliability and usefulness of research based on long-term studies of any secondary hole-nesting species using artificial nestboxes for breeding or roosting.
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