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The least-squares ambiguity decorrelation adjustment: a method for fast GPS integer ambiguity estimation
The GPS double difference carrier phase measurements are ambiguous by an unknown integer number of cycles. High precision relative GPS positioning based on short observational timespan data, isExpand
Testing Theory: an introduction
Success probability of integer GPS ambiguity rounding and bootstrapping
Abstract. Global Positioning System ambiguity resolution is usually based on the integer least-squares principle (Teunissen 1993). Solution of the integer least-squares problem requires both theExpand
Adjustment Theory: an introduction
Scanning geometry: Influencing factor on the quality of terrestrial laser scanning points
A terrestrial laser scanner measures the distance to an object surface with a precision in the order of millimeters. The quality of the individual points in a point cloud, although directly affectingExpand
A new method for fast carrier phase ambiguity estimation
  • P. Teunissen
  • Mathematics
  • Proceedings of IEEE Position, Location and…
  • 11 April 1994
The Global Positioning System (GPS) double-difference carrier phase data are biased by an integer number of cycles. A new and successful method has been developed and demonstrated that enables veryExpand
An optimality property of the integer least-squares estimator
Abstract. A probabilistic justification is given for using the integer least-squares (LS) estimator. The class of admissible integer estimators is introduced and classical adjustment theory isExpand
Initial assessment of the COMPASS/BeiDou-2 regional navigation satellite system
An initial characterization and performance assessment of the COMPASS/BeiDou-2 regional navigation system is presented and the benefit of triple-frequency measurements and extra-wide-lane ambiguity resolution is illustrated for relative positioning on a short baseline. Expand
Integer estimation in the presence of biases
The performance of integer ambiguity estimation in the presence of biases is studied and lower and upper bounds, as well as an exact and easy-to-compute formula for the bias-affected success rate, are presented to enable the evaluation of the bias robustness of ambiguity resolution. Expand