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Comparison of respiratory effects of tramadol and pethidine.
TLDR
Pethidine caused significant respiratory depression seen as an increase in fractional inspiratory-expiratory oxygen difference and PETCO2 and as a decrease in MV and respiratory rate, but tramadol was shown not to be associated with respiratory depression, unlike equipotent dose of pethidine in this setting.
Applicability of tools to assess pain in elderly patients after cardiac surgery
TLDR
This work compared the VAS and VRS with two more expressive tools: the 50‐cm Red Wedge Scale (RWS) and the Facial Pain Scale (FPS).
Transient radicular irritation after spinal anaesthesia with hyperbaric 5% lignocaine.
TLDR
The use of 5% hyperbaric lignocaine for spinal anaesthesia should be reconsidered, because of the incidence of transient radicular irritation after the block.
Evaluation of easily applicable pain measurement tools for the assessment of pain in demented patients
TLDR
Difficulties in communication and lack of suitable pain scales may lead to undertreatment of pain in cognitively impaired patients and the usefulness of four simple pain scales is evaluated.
Premedication with midazolam delays recovery after ambulatory sevoflurane anesthesia in children.
TLDR
Premedication with midazolam 0.5 mg/kg PO delayed recovery in children 1-3 yr of age after brief (<30 min) sevoflurane anesthesia in small children in a randomized, double-blinded study.
Pregabalin has an opioid-sparing effect in elderly patients after cardiac surgery: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
TLDR
The administration of pregabalin reduced postoperative opioid consumption after cardiac surgery reduced the incidence of confusion on the first postoperative day and increased time to extubation when compared with placebo.
Confirmation of caudal needle placement using nerve stimulation.
TLDR
This test may be used as a teaching and adjuvant tool in performing caudal block in pediatric patients studied and was greater than the presence of a "pop" alone but not significantly different over the absence of " pop" and easy injection.
Propacetamol and diclofenac alone and in combination for analgesia after elective tonsillectomy
TLDR
Diclofenac and paracetamol combination is tested if their combination is more effective for analgesia after tonsillectomy than either drug alone with respect to rescue analgesic consumption and visual analog scale values.
The Prevention of Emergence Agitation With Tropisetron or Clonidine After Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Small Children Undergoing Adenoidectomy
TLDR
Tropisetron 0.1 mg/kg significantly reduced the incidence of postoperative agitation after sevoflurane anesthesia, and clonidine 1.5 &mgr;g/kg did not differ from placebo with respect to post operative agitation.
Teaching anaesthesia induction to medical students: comparison between full-scale simulation and supervised teaching in the operating theatre
TLDR
The simulation group performed better in 25% of the tasks and similarly in the others compared with the traditional teaching group and whether these promising results with simulation may be applied more generally in anaesthesiology teaching to medical students is revealed.
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