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Pyrosequencing study of fecal microflora of autistic and control children.
If the unique microbial flora is found to be a causative or consequent factor in this type of autism, it may have implications with regard to a specific diagnostic test, its epidemiology, and for treatment and prevention. Expand
Effect of fenofibrate on the need for laser treatment for diabetic retinopathy (FIELD study): a randomised controlled trial
Treatment with fenofibrate in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus reduces the need for laser treatment for diabetic retinopathy, although the mechanism of this effect does not seem to be related to plasma concentrations of lipids. Expand
Gastrointestinal microflora studies in late-onset autism.
Significant alterations in the upper and lower intestinal flora of children with late-onset autism are demonstrated and may provide insights into the nature of this disorder. Expand
Xylooligosaccharide increases bifidobacteria but not lactobacilli in human gut microbiota.
XOS supplementation may be beneficial to gastrointestinal microbiota and 2.8 g per day may be more effective than 1.4 g perDay, and the low dose required and lack of gastrointestinal side effects makes the use of XOS as a food supplement feasible. Expand
Microbiology of regressive autism.
It is shown that penicillins and cephalosporins, as well as clindamycin, have a major impact on the normal bowel flora and therefore might well predispose subjects to overgrowth of such organisms as Clostridium difficile, and of particular importance for autism, to Desulfovibrio. Expand
Xylooligosaccharide supplementation alters gut bacteria in both healthy and prediabetic adults: a pilot study
This is the first clinical observation of modifications of the gut microbiota by XOS in both healthy and Pre-DM subjects in a pilot study, suggesting that prebiotic XOS may be beneficial in reversing changes in the Gut microbiota during the development of diabetes. Expand
Sutterella wadsworthensis gen. nov., sp. nov., bile-resistant microaerophilic Campylobacter gracilis-like clinical isolates.
Data indicate that the unusual strains found in clinical isolates are members of a new genus and new species, for which the name Sutterella wadsworthensis is proposed. Expand
The bacteriology of gangrenous and perforated appendicitis--revisited.
By using optimum sampling, transport, and culture techniques in patients with gangrenous or perforated appendicitis, a previously undescribed fastidious gram-negative anaerobic bacillus was isolated from nearly one half of all patients. Expand
Bacteriology of skin and soft-tissue infections: comparison of infections in intravenous drug users and individuals with no history of intravenous drug use.
The bacteriology of cutaneous or subcutaneous abscesses among intravenous drug users (IVDUs) was compared with the bacteriology in patients with no history of intravenous drugs use (non-IVDU), which yielded 173 aerobes and 131 anaerobes. Expand
Bilophila wadsworthia, gen. nov. and sp. nov., a unique gram-negative anaerobic rod recovered from appendicitis specimens and human faeces.
Strongly catalase-positive Gram-negative anaerobic rods were isolated from approximately half of all intra-abdominal specimens received from patients with gangrenous and perforated appendicitis, andExpand