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Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study.
Results suggest that middle-to-late adolescence (ages 15-18) may be a critical time for studying vulnerability to depression because of the higher depression rates and the greater risk for depression onset and dramatic increase in gender differences in depression during this period.
Psychiatric disorder in a birth cohort of young adults: prevalence, comorbidity, clinical significance, and new case incidence from ages 11 to 21.
The high prevalence rate and significant impairment associated with a diagnosis of mental disorder suggests that treatment resources need to target the young adult sector of the population, and primary prevention and etiological research efforts need totarget children and adolescents.
Gender differences in partner violence in a birth cohort of 21-year-olds: bridging the gap between clinical and epidemiological approaches.
Severe physical violence was more strongly associated with unemployment, low educational attainment, few social support resources, polydrug use, antisocial personality disorder symptoms, depression symptoms, and violence toward strangers for men than for women.
DSM-III disorders in a large sample of adolescents.
A model of parental confirmation of disorder was developed suggesting that confirmation was more likely where the mother was depressed, the family low in social support, and the adolescent less socially competent.
DSM-III disorders in preadolescent children. Prevalence in a large sample from the general population.
The most prevalent disorders were attention deficit, oppositional, and separation anxiety disorders, and the least prevalent were depression and social phobia.
Temperamental qualities at age three predict personality traits in young adulthood: longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort.
In an unselected sample of over 800 subjects we studied whether behavioral styles at age 3 are linked to personality traits at age 18. We identified 5 temperament groups (labeled Undercontrolled,
Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study.
In the age group committing most violent incidents, individuals with mental disorders account for a considerable amount of violence in the community.
Personality differences predict health-risk behaviors in young adulthood: evidence from a longitudinal study.
Results showed that a similar constellation of adolescent personality traits, with developmental origins in childhood, is linked to different health-risk behaviors at 21, and health professionals may need to design programs that appeal to the unique psychological makeup of persons most at risk for health- risk behaviors.
Behavioral observations at age 3 years predict adult psychiatric disorders. Longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort.
Under-controlled and inhibited 3-year-olds were more likely at 21 years to meet diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality disorder and to be involved in crime and boys in both groups had alcohol-related problems.
The structure and stability of common mental disorders (DSM-III-R): a longitudinal-epidemiological study.
It is suggested that comorbidity may results from common mental disorders being reliable, covariant indicators of stable, underlying "core psychopathological processes," and not from either a 1- or a 4-factor model.