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Intention—Behavior Relations: A Conceptual and Empirical Review
- P. Sheeran
- 1 January 2002
This chapter addresses two questions; how big is the “gap” between intentions and behavior, and what psychological variables might be able to “bridge” the intention–behavior gap? A meta-analysis of…
Implementation intentions and goal achievement: A meta-analysis of effects and processes
Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence.
Meta-analysis showed that a medium-to-large change in intention leads to a small- to-medium change in behavior, and several conceptual factors, methodological features, and intervention characteristics that moderate intention-behavior consistency were identified.
Prediction and Intervention in Health-Related Behavior: A Meta-Analytic Review of Protection Motivation Theory
Protection motivation theory (PMT) was introduced by Rogers in 1975 and has since been widely adopted as a framework for the prediction of and intervention in health-related behavior. However. PMT…
Dealing with feeling: a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of strategies derived from the process model of emotion regulation.
The present meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of strategies derived from the process model of emotion regulation in modifying emotional outcomes as indexed by experiential, behavioral, and physiological measures and revealed differences in effectiveness between ER processes.
Psychosocial correlates of heterosexual condom use: a meta-analysis.
Overall, findings support a social psychological model of condom use highlighting the importance of behavior-specific cognitions, social interaction, and preparatory behaviors rather than knowledge and beliefs about the threat of infection.
Implementation Intentions and the Theory of Planned Behavior
- S. Orbell, Sarah Hodgkins, P. Sheeran
- PsychologyPersonality & social psychology bulletin
- 1 September 1997
Results supported Gollwitzer's contention that goal intentions that have been supplemented by implementation intentions concerning where and when the behavior is to be performed are more likely to be enacted and reduced the capacity of past behavior to predict future behavior.
Descriptive norms as an additional predictor in the theory of planned behaviour: A meta-analysis
This study used meta-analysis: (a) to quantify the relationship between descriptive norms and intentions, and (b) to determine the increment in variance attributable to descriptive norms after…
Combining motivational and volitional interventions to promote exercise participation: protection motivation theory and implementation intentions.
- Sarah Milne, S. Orbell, P. Sheeran
- Psychology, MedicineBritish journal of health psychology
- 1 May 2002
It is concluded that supplementing PMT with implementation intentions strengthens the ability of the model to explain behaviour, which has implications for health education programmes, which should aim to increase both participants' motivation and their volition.
Augmenting the Theory of Planned Behavior: Roles for Anticipated Regret and Descriptive Norms
Ajzen (1991) invited researchers to identify additional predictors of intentions and behavior after the effects of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control from the theory of…