A novel avian hypothalamic peptide inhibiting gonadotropin release.
It is shown, in a bird, that the hypothalamus also contains a novel peptide which inhibits gonadotropin release, the first hypothalamic peptide inhibiting gonadotropic hormone reported in a vertebrate.
Thyrotrophin in the pars tuberalis triggers photoperiodic response
Two waves of gene expression are identified in the quail MBH associated with the initiation of photoinduced secretion of luteinizing hormone and increased TSH in the pars tuberalis seems to trigger long-day photoinduced seasonal breeding.
Orchestration of avian reproductive effort: an integration of the ultimate and proximate bases for flexibility in clutch size, incubation behaviour, and yolk androgen deposition
- K. W. Sockman, P. Sharp, H. Schwabl
- Biology, Environmental ScienceBiological Reviews of The Cambridge Philosophical…
- 1 November 2006
Evidence in birds of altricial species is reviewed for the presence of at least two behavioural mechanisms to buffer challenges and take advantage of opportunities and evidence for and against the seasonal coordination of these mechanisms through seasonal changes in plasma concentrations of the pituitary hormone prolactin.
Physiological roles of chicken LHRH-I and -II in the control of gonadotrophin release in the domestic chicken.
- P. Sharp, R. Talbot, G. Main, I. Dunn, H. Fraser, N. Huskisson
- Biology, MedicineJournal of Endocrinology
- 1 February 1990
Observations suggest that gonadotrophin secretion in the hen is more likely to be directly regulated by cLHRH-I than by cCL HRH-II, which is most abundant in the diencephalon.
Hormone levels predict individual differences in reproductive success in a passerine bird
- J. Ouyang, P. Sharp, A. Dawson, M. Quetting, M. Hau
- Biology, Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 19 January 2011
Hormones concentrations both before and during breeding, as well as their seasonal dynamics, predict reproductive success, suggesting that individual variation in absolute concentrations and in plasticity is functionally significant, and, if heritable, may be a target of selection.
Photoperiodic requirements for LH release in juvenile broiler and egg-laying strains of domestic chickens fed ad libitum or restricted diets.
There was no significant interaction between dietary treatment and photoinduced LH release in birds of either strain and a significant effect of dietary treatment was observed on the changes in concentration of plasma LH in the nonphotostimulated dwarf broiler, but not in the egg-laying bird.
Control of luteinizing hormone and prolactin secretion in birds.
Sex differences in the LH responses to chicken LHRH-I and -II in the domestic fowl.
The interaction between LHRH-I and -II and the gonadotrophs is sexually differentiated in the domestic fowl and a new homologous radioimmunoassay was established for cLH.
The role of hypothalamic vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in the maintenance of prolactin secretion in incubating bantam hens: observations using passive immunization, radioimmunoassay and…
The role of chicken vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (cVIP) as a prolactin-releasing factor was investigated in incubating bantam hens and Morphological observations were made on immunohistochemically identified cVIP cell bodies in the medial basal hypothalamus showed that cVip cell number, cell area and density of immunoreactive product were significantly greater in incubation than in laying hens.
Photoperiodic Regulation of Seasonal Breeding in Birds
- P. Sharp
- BiologyAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
- 1 April 2005
Analysis of the sites of expression of clock genes suggests that the biological clock for reproductive photoperiodic time measurement is in the medial basal hypothalamus, and photoinduced increase in T3 may stimulate the release of gonadotrophin‐releasing hormone through thyroid hormone receptors in the median eminence.