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Cognitive function following acute sleep restriction in children ages 10-14.
TLDR
Higher cognitive functions in children, such as verbal creativity and abstract thinking, are impaired after a single night of restricted sleep, even when routine performance is relatively maintained.
Hereditary Factors in Sleepwalking and Night Terrors
TLDR
The data appear to fit a 'two threshold' multifactorial mode of inheritance, which supports the hypothesis that sleepwalking and night terrors share a common genetic predisposition, with sleepwalking being a more prevalent and less severe manifestation of the same substrate that underliesNight terrors.
Neural network analysis of sleep stages enables efficient diagnosis of narcolepsy
TLDR
A neural network analysis method for polysomnography that could reduce time spent in sleep clinics and automate narcolepsy diagnosis is introduced, producing a hypnodensity graph—a probability distribution conveying more information than classical hypnograms.
Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on neurocognitive function in obstructive sleep apnea patients: The Apnea Positive Pressure Long-term Efficacy Study (APPLES).
TLDR
CPAP use resulted in mild, transient improvement in the most sensitive measures of executive and frontal-lobe function for those with severe disease, which suggests the existence of a complex OSA-neurocognitive relationship.
The association between obstructive sleep apnea and neurocognitive performance--the Apnea Positive Pressure Long-term Efficacy Study (APPLES).
TLDR
The impact of OSA on neurocognitive performance is small for many individuals with this condition and is most related to the severity of hypoxemia.
Solriamfetol for Excessive Sleepiness in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (TONES 3). A Randomized Controlled Trial.
TLDR
Solriamfetol significantly increased wakefulness and reduced sleepiness in participants with obstructive sleep apnea and excessive sleepiness; most adverse events were mild or moderate in severity.
The use of neural networks in the analysis of sleep stages and the diagnosis of narcolepsy
TLDR
This method streamlines scoring and diagnoses narcolepsy accurately, using neural networks in ~3,000 sleep recordings from over 10 locations to automate sleep stage scoring, producing a probability distribution called an hypnodensity graph.
Ten-year trends in the pharmacological treatment of insomnia.
TLDR
Overall pharmacological treatment of insomnia has decreased substantially since 1987 although surveys indicate a stable or increasing prevalence of sleep disturbance.
Somnambulism. Clinical characteristics and personality patterns.
TLDR
Current sleepwalkers showed active, outwardly directed behavioral patterns, suggestive of difficulties in handling aggression, and demonstrated high levels of psychopathology, whereas past sleep walkers had essentially normal psychological patterns.
Modafinil improves alertness, vigilance, and executive function during simulated night shifts.
TLDR
The physiologic sleepiness and neurobehavioral deficits that occurred during the hours of a typical night shift were clearly attenuated by modafinil, and modafInil also had beneficial effects on some measures of executive function.
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