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Genetic Evidence for an East Asian Origin of Domestic Dogs
TLDR
A larger genetic variation in East Asia than in other regions and the pattern of phylogeographic variation suggest an East Asian origin for the domestic dog, ∼15,000 years ago.
Multiple and ancient origins of the domestic dog.
TLDR
Sequences from both dogs and wolves showed considerable diversity and supported the hypothesis that wolves were the ancestors of dogs, suggesting that dogs originated more than 100,000 years before the present.
mtDNA Data Indicate a Single Origin for Dogs South of Yangtze River, Less Than 16,300 Years Ago, from Numerous Wolves
TLDR
Results indicate that the domestic dog originated in southern China less than 16,300 ya, from several hundred wolves, suggesting that the dogs may have originated among sedentary hunter-gatherers or early farmers, and the numerous founders indicate that wolf taming was an important culture trait.
Paternal and maternal DNA lineages reveal a bottleneck in the founding of the Finnish population.
TLDR
A preliminary analysis of the mitochondrial mutations that have accumulated subsequent to the bottleneck suggests that it occurred about 4000 years ago, presumably when populations using agriculture and animal husbandry arrived in Finland.
A detailed picture of the origin of the Australian dingo, obtained from the study of mitochondrial DNA.
TLDR
D dingoes have an origin from domesticated dogs coming from East Asia, possibly in connection with the Austronesian expansion into Island Southeast Asia, and have since lived isolated from other dog populations.
Mitochondrial DNA data indicate an introduction through Mainland Southeast Asia for Australian dingoes and Polynesian domestic dogs
TLDR
It is suggested that Australian dingoes and Polynesian dogs originate from dogs introduced to Indonesia via Mainland Southeast Asia before the Neolithic, and not from Taiwan together with the Austronesian expansion.
Origins of domestic dog in Southern East Asia is supported by analysis of Y-chromosome DNA
TLDR
Y-chromosome and mtDNA data give strikingly similar pictures of dog phylogeography, most importantly that roughly 50% of the gene pools are shared universally but only ASY has nearly the full range of genetic diversity, such that the gene pool in all other regions may derive from ASY.
Duplication of FGF3, FGF4, FGF19 and ORAOV1 causes hair ridge and predisposition to dermoid sinus in Ridgeback dogs
The dorsal hair ridge in Rhodesian and Thai Ridgeback dogs is caused by a dominant mutation that also predisposes to the congenital developmental disorder dermoid sinus. Here we show that the
Out of southern East Asia: the natural history of domestic dogs across the world
TLDR
It is found that dogs from southern East Asia have significantly higher genetic diversity compared to other populations, and are the most basal group relating to gray wolves, indicating an ancient origin of domestic dogs in southern EastAsia 33 000 years ago.
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