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Risk Factors for Adverse Life Outcomes in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects
The odds of escaping these adverse life outcomes are increased 2- to 4-fold by receiving the diagnosis of FAS or FAE at an earlier age and by being reared in good stable environments. Expand
Incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome and prevalence of alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder.
An operationalization of the Institute of Medicine's recent definition of ARND is proposed and its prevalence in Seattle for the period 1975-1981 is estimated to be at least 9.1/1,000, confirming the perception of many health professionals that fetal alcohol exposure is a serious problem. Expand
Nonparametric Estimation of Nonstationary Spatial Covariance Structure
Abstract Estimation of the covariance structure of spatial processes is a fundamental prerequisite for problems of spatial interpolation and the design of monitoring networks. We introduce aExpand
Neurobehavioral effects of prenatal alcohol: Part II. Partial least squares analysis.
This paper introduces Partial Least Squares methods for assessing the effects of moderate levels of prenatal alcohol exposure on performance and behavior in young school-age children and finds that a single latent variable provides an appropriate measure of "dose" for summarizing the relationships between alcohol exposure and each of the four blocks of outcome variables. Expand
Neuropsychological deficits in adolescents with fetal alcohol syndrome: clinical findings.
Comparison with a subgroup of 52 nonalcohol-exp exposed or minimally alcohol-exposed adolescents with a similar range of IQ scores demonstrated that deficits among these FAS patients were not fully explained by a general lowering of IQ. Expand
Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure: effects on child IQ and learning problems at age 7 1/2 years.
This study shows that alcohol use patterns within the social drinking range can have long lasting effects on IQ and learning problems in young school aged children. Expand
Direct and Indirect Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Damage on Executive Function
The findings suggest that these executive function tests would be particularly useful in clinical evaluations of persons suspected of fetal alcohol damage because they would not simply reflect deficits in IQ or facial stigmata. Expand
Fine Particulate Air Pollution and the Progression of Carotid Intima-Medial Thickness: A Prospective Cohort Study from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution
It is found that decreasing levels of fine particulate matter in multiple US urban areas are associated with slowed progression of intima-medial thickness, a surrogate measure of atherosclerosis. Expand
A review of statistical methods for the meteorological adjustment of tropospheric ozone
Abstract A variety of statistical methods for meteorological adjustment of ozone have been proposed in the literature over the last decade for purposes of forecasting, estimating ozone time trends,Expand
Corpus Callosum Shape and Neuropsychological Deficits in Adult Males with Heavy Fetal Alcohol Exposure
There is considerable information in callosal form for prognosis of neuropsychological deficits in this frequently encountered birth defect, and a very promising bipolar discrimination of the exposed from the unexposed in this sample. Expand