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Excitatory and inhibitory amino acids and peptide-induced responses in acutely isolated rat spinal dorsal horn neurons
TLDR
The observations indicate that there is reasonable agreement between many of the responses of isolated neurons and those studied in in vivo and in vitro slice and culture preparations. Expand
Identification of ASK1, MKK4, JNK, c-Jun, and caspase-3 as a signaling cascade involved in cadmium-induced neuronal cell apoptosis.
TLDR
The data suggested that the JNK/c-Jun signaling cascade plays a crucial role in Cd-induced neuronal cell apoptosis and provides a molecular linkage between oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis. Expand
Low- and high-voltage-activated calcium currents in rat spinal dorsal horn neurons.
TLDR
Calcium currents in immature rat spinal dorsal horn neurons in transverse slices were studied with the single-electrode voltage-clamp technique and the time stability of the transient and sustained components of the high-th threshold calcium current was lower than that of the low-threshold transient current. Expand
Effect of Phosphatidylserine on Unitary Conductance and Ba2+ Block of the BK Ca2+–activated K+ Channel
TLDR
The lack of effect of PS on apparent association and dissociation rates of Ba2+ suggest that lipid modulation of K+ conductance is preferentially coupled through conformational changes of the selectivity filter region that determine the high K+ flux rate of this channel relative to other cations. Expand
Noradrenaline excites and inhibits GABAergic transmission in parvocellular neurons of rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus.
TLDR
The data indicate that tonic GABAergic inputs to the majority of type II PVN neurons are under a dual noradrenergic modulation, the increase in s IPSC frequency via somatic or dendritic alpha(1)-adrenoceptors and the decrease in sIPSC frequency on the presynaptic GABAergic neurons. Expand
Gold nanoparticles promote osteogenic differentiation in human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway
TLDR
It is demonstrated that chitosan-conjugated AuNPs increase the deposition of calcium content and the expression of marker genes related to osteogenic differentiation in human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells at nontoxic concentrations and can be used as a reagent for promoting bone formation. Expand
Multiple effects of phorbol esters in the rat spinal dorsal horn
TLDR
Results suggest that in the rat spinal dorsal horn protein kinase C may have a role in controlling the release of putative excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters and may also be involved in the regulation of postsynaptic NMDA receptors. Expand
Subtypes of α1‐ and α2‐Adrenoceptors Mediating Noradrenergic Modulation of Spontaneous Inhibitory Postsynaptic Currents in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus
Noradrenergic inputs to the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) play important roles in the regulation of neuroendocrine and autonomic functions. Previous reports show that noradrenalineExpand
Single cell analysis of voltage-gated potassium channels that determines neuronal types of rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus neurons
TLDR
This study investigated the molecular identification of voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels, which determines a distinctive characteristic of type I PVN neurons, by means of single-cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) along with slice patch clamp recordings and found several Kv channels were co-expressed in a single PVN neuron. Expand
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