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Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research
This article is based on a consensus conference, which took place in Certosa di Pontignano, Siena (Italy) on March 7-9, 2008, intended to update the previous safety guidelines for the application ofExpand
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Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord and roots: basic principles and procedures for routine clinical application. Report of an IFCN committee.
P.M. Rossini (Chairman) (Rome, Baly), A.T. Barker (Sheffield, UK), A. Berardelli (Rome, Italy), M.D. Caramia (Rome, Italy), G. Caruso (Naples, Italy), R.Q. Cracco (Brooklyn, NY;, USA), M.R.Expand
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Expression of ectonucleotidase CD39 by Foxp3+ Treg cells: hydrolysis of extracellular ATP and immune suppression.
In the immune system, extracellular ATP functions as a "natural adjuvant" that exhibits multiple proinflammatory effects. It is released by damaged cells as an indicator of trauma and cell death butExpand
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Transcranial magnetic stimulation and cortical evoked potentials: A TMS/EEG co-registration study
OBJECTIVE In recent years, a promising tool has been introduced which allows the co-registration of electroencephalographic (EEG) activity during brain transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TheExpand
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Motor cortical disinhibition in the unaffected hemisphere after unilateral cortical stroke.
Following a hemispheric stroke, various degrees of neuronal reorganization around the lesion occur immediately after disease onset and thereafter up to several months. These include transcallosalExpand
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Human Cortical Electroencephalography (EEG) Rhythms during the Observation of Simple Aimless Movements: A High-Resolution EEG Study
In the present high-resolution electroencephalographic (EEG) study, we computed event-related desynchronization and synchronization (ERD/ERS) of alpha (about 10 Hz) and beta (about 20 Hz) rhythms inExpand
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Optimization of an independent component analysis approach for artifact identification and removal in magnetoencephalographic signals
OBJECTIVE To propose a noise reduction procedure for magnetoencephalography (MEG) signals introducing an automatic detection system of artifactual components (ICs) separated by an independentExpand
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Human Movement-Related Potentials vs Desynchronization of EEG Alpha Rhythm: A High-Resolution EEG Study
Movement-related potentials (MRPs) and event-related desynchronization (ERD) of alpha rhythm were investigated with an advanced high-resolution electroencephalographic technology (128 channels,Expand
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Restoring Natural Sensory Feedback in Real-Time Bidirectional Hand Prostheses
A multigrasp, bidirectional hand prosthesis delivers dynamic sensory feedback, allowing a user with a hand amputation to achieve fine grasping force control and realistic object sensing. AnExpand
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Clinical neurophysiology of aging brain: From normal aging to neurodegeneration
Physiological brain aging is characterized by a loss of synaptic contacts and neuronal apoptosis that provokes age-dependent decline of sensory processing, motor performance, and cognitive function.Expand
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