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Cytokine expression during the outcome of canine experimental infection by Leishmania infantum.
In this study, the cytokines, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-12 p40, IL-6 and IL-10, expressed by peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 13 beagle dogs inoculated withExpand
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High intensity interval exercise decreases IL-8 and enhances the immunomodulatory cytokine interleukin-10 in lean and overweight-obese individuals.
PURPOSE To compare the effects of two interval exercises with different intensities on acute inflammatory response in lean and overweight-obese subjects. METHODS Ten lean (BMI<24.9kg/m(2)) and 12Expand
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[Occurrence of protozoa and helminthes in faecal samples of stray dogs from Itapema City, Santa Catarina].
Samples of feces from dogs seized by the health surveillance program of Itapema city, SC, were studied. From 158 samples examined 121 (76.6%) were positive, with a prevalence of Ancylostoma sppExpand
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Cell mediated immunity and specific IgG1 and IgG2 antibody response in natural and experimental canine leishmaniosis.
In the present study, we have followed up Leishmania infantum infection in dogs: (1) naturally infected; (2) experimentally infected with amastigotes; and (3) experimentally infected with cultureExpand
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[Occurrence of Leptospira spp. soropositive stray dogs in Itapema, Santa Catarina, Brazil].
This study aimed to verify Leptospira spp. serovar infections in stray dogs in Itapema, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Serum samples were collected from 590 stray dogs and tested against 25 Leptospira spp.Expand
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ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to evaluate the larvicidal effect of andiroba oil, Carapa guyanensis, against 2 strains of Aedes aegypti. After 8 h after exposure to oil, the lethal concentrationExpand
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Glutathione and the redox control system trypanothione/trypanothione reductase are involved in the protection of Leishmania spp. against nitrosothiol-induced cytotoxicity.
Glutathione is the major intracellular antioxidant thiol protecting mammalian cells against oxidative stress induced by oxygen- and nitrogen-derived reactive species. In trypanosomes and leishmanias,Expand
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TNF‐α  mediates the induction of nitric oxide synthase in macrophages but not in neutrophils in experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis
Leishmania major infection in C57BL/6 mice is controlled by the activation of a Th1 response and nitric oxide (NO) production by macrophages. TNF‐α is considered one of the most important cytokinesExpand
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Mast cell degranulation contributes to susceptibility to Leishmania major
Leishmaniasis causes high morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical areas. Mast cells can be activated by Leishmania or Leishmania products in vitro and in vivo. Several innate immunityExpand
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Pharmacological perspectives of wasp venom.
Venoms of several animals have been used to study various physiopathologic processes, and also to offer opportunity to design and develop new therapeutic drugs. We briefly review certain wasp venomExpand
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