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The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate. Expand
A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide
This paper provides an international methodological protocol aimed at standardising this research effort, based on consensus among a broad group of scientists in this field, and features a practical handbook with step-by-step recipes, for 28 functional traits recognised as critical for tackling large-scale ecological questions. Expand
The world‐wide ‘fast–slow’ plant economics spectrum: a traits manifesto
A single ‘fast–slow’ plant economics spectrum that integrates across leaves, stems and roots is a key feature of the plant universe and helps to explain individual ecological strategies, community assembly processes and the functioning of ecosystems. Expand
Global patterns of plant leaf N and P in relation to temperature and latitude.
  • P. Reich, J. Oleksyn
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 27 July 2004
Results support the hypotheses that leaf N and P increase from the tropics to the cooler and drier midlatitudes because of temperature-related plant physiological stoichiometry and biogeographical gradients in soil substrate age and the N/P ratio increases with mean temperature and toward the equator. Expand
From tropics to tundra: global convergence in plant functioning.
These results demonstrate convergent evolution and global generality in plant functioning, despite the enormous diversity of plant species and biomes, and have significant implications for global scale modeling of vegetation-atmosphere CO2 exchange. Expand
The Influence of Functional Diversity and Composition on Ecosystem Processes
Functional composition and functional diversity were the principal factors explaining plant productivity, plant percent nitrogen, plant total nitrogen, and light penetration in grassland plots. Expand
Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control.
Plants generally are less able to adjust allocation than to alter organ morphology, and in competitive situations, the stem mass fraction increases to a smaller extent than the specific stem length (stem length : stem mass). Expand
New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide
This new handbook has a better balance between whole-plant traits, leaf traits, root and stem traits and regenerative traits, and puts particular emphasis on traits important for predicting species’ effects on key ecosystem properties. Expand
Generality of leaf trait relationships: a test across six biomes: Ecology
Testing for biome differences in the slope and intercept of interspecific relationships among leaf traits for more than 100 species in six distinct biomes of the Americas suggests a predictable set of scaling relationships among key leaf morphological, chemical, and metabolic traits that are replicated globally among terrestrial ecosystems regardless of biome or vegetation type. Expand
Diversity and Productivity in a Long-Term Grassland Experiment
These results help resolve debate over biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, show effects at higher than expected diversity levels, and demonstrate, for these ecosystems, that even the best-chosen monocultures cannot achieve greater productivity or carbon stores than higher-diversity sites. Expand