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Glycemic index, glycemic load, and chronic disease risk--a meta-analysis of observational studies.
TLDR
Low-GI and/or low-GL diets are independently associated with a reduced risk of certain chronic diseases and the hypothesis that higher postprandial glycemia is a universal mechanism for disease progression is supported.
A satiety index of common foods.
TLDR
The results show that isoenergetic servings of different foods differ greatly in their satiating capacities, relevant to the treatment and prevention of overweight and obesity.
Low-glycemic index diets in the management of diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
TLDR
Choosing low-GI Foods in place of conventional or high-GI foods has a small but clinically useful effect on medium-term glycemic control in patients with diabetes, similar to that offered by pharmacological agents that also target postprandial hyperglycemia.
An insulin index of foods: the insulin demand generated by 1000-kJ portions of common foods.
TLDR
Comparing postprandial insulin responses to isoenergetic 1000-kJ (240-kcal) portions of several common foods found that protein-rich foods and bakery products elicited insulin responses that were disproportionately higher than their glycemic responses.
University Lecturers’ Understanding of Sustainability
This paper describes the results of a research project that investigated the ways that academics understand sustainability within their own disciplines. It describes a range of ways in which
A randomized, controlled study of a mandibular advancement splint for obstructive sleep apnea.
TLDR
The MAS is an effective treatment in some patients with OSA, including those patients with moderate or severe OSA.
Young People's Conceptions of Environment: A phenomenographic analysis
Environmental education in schools is an important strategy in achieving environmental improvement. However, it needs to be based on children's understandings of environment rather than on
Glycemic index, postprandial glycemia, and the shape of the curve in healthy subjects: analysis of a database of more than 1,000 foods.
TLDR
The GI provides a good summary of postprandial glycemia and predicts the peak (or near peak) response, the maximum glucose fluctuation, and other attributes of the response curve.
Comparison of 4 diets of varying glycemic load on weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction in overweight and obese young adults: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
Both high-protein and low-GI regimens increase body fat loss, but cardiovascular risk reduction is optimized by a high-carbohydrate, low- GI diet.
Concentration and distribution of sialic acid in human milk and infant formulas.
TLDR
Human milk, including milk from mothers of preterm infants, is a rich source of oligosaccharide-bound sialic acid, which contrasts with the relatively small amounts found in infant formulas.
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