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A Molecular Phylogeny of Living Primates
TLDR
The resolution of the primate phylogeny provides an essential evolutionary framework with far-reaching applications including: human selection and adaptation, global emergence of zoonotic diseases, mammalian comparative genomics, primate taxonomy, and conservation of endangered species.
Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds
TLDR
A genome-scale phylogenetic analysis of 48 species representing all orders of Neoaves recovered a highly resolved tree that confirms previously controversial sister or close relationships and identifies the first divergence in Neoaves, two groups the authors named Passerea and Columbea.
Reciprocal chromosome painting among human, aardvark, and elephant (superorder Afrotheria) reveals the likely eutherian ancestral karyotype
TLDR
The comparative chromosome maps presented between human and these Afrotherian species provide further insight into mammalian genome organization and comparative genomic data for theAfrotheria, one of the four major evolutionary clades postulated for the Eutheria.
Multidirectional cross-species painting illuminates the history of karyotypic evolution in Perissodactyla
TLDR
The first genome-wide comparative chromosome maps of African rhinoceroses, four tapir species, four equine species, and humans are reported, revealing a striking switch between the slowly evolving ceratomorphs and extremely rapidly evolving equids.
Genomic legacy of the African cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus
TLDR
The genome sequence of wild-born African cheetahs reveals extreme genomic depletion in SNV incidence, SNV density, SNVs of coding genes, MHC class I and II genes, and mitochondrial DNA SNVs, with potential relevance to the species’ natural history, physiological adaptations and unique reproductive disposition.
Phylogenetic implications of the 38 putative ancestral chromosome segments for four canid species
TLDR
Results show that the raccoon dog does not share a single biarmed autosome in common with the Arctic fox, red fox, or domestic cat, andComparative analysis of the distribution patterns of conserved chromosome segments revealed by dog paints in the genomes of the canids, cats, and human reveals 38 ancestral autosome segments.
Karyotype evolution and phylogenetic relationships of hamsters (Cricetidae, Muroidea, Rodentia) inferred from chromosomal painting and banding comparison
TLDR
Based on results of chromosome painting and G-banding, comparative maps between 20 rodent species have been established and demonstrate a high level of karyotype conservation among species in the Cricetus group with Tscherskia as its sister group.
Chromosomal evolution in Rodentia
TLDR
Information drawn from conventional banding studies, recent comparative painting investigations and molecular phylogenetic reconstructions of different rodent taxa are integrated, allowing a revision of several ancestral karyotypic reconstructions, and a more accurate depiction of rodent chromosomal evolution.
Phylogenomics of the dog and fox family (Canidae, Carnivora) revealed by chromosome painting
TLDR
The results allow the formulation of a likely Canidae ancestral karyotype (CAK, 2n = 82), and reveal that at least 6–24 chromosomal fission/fusion events are needed to convert the CAK karyotypes of the modern canids.
The proto-oncogene C-KIT maps to canid B-chromosomes
TLDR
Identification of the proto-oncogene C-KIT gene on all B-chromosomes of two canid species provides new insight into the origin and evolution of supernumeraries and their potential role in the genome.
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