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Immediate versus delayed fluid resuscitation for hypotensive patients with penetrating torso injuries.
TLDR
The effects of delaying fluid resuscitation until the time of operative intervention in hypotensive patients with penetrating injuries to the torso were determined. Expand
Occult positive end-expiratory pressure in mechanically ventilated patients with airflow obstruction: the auto-PEEP effect.
TLDR
Although not apparent during normal ventilator operation, the auto-PEEP effect can be detected and quantified by a simple bedside maneuver: expiratory port occlusion at the end of the set exhalation period. Expand
Immediate versus delayed fluid resuscitation for hypotensive patients with penetrating torso injuries.
TLDR
For hypotensive patients with penetrating torso injuries, delay of aggressive fluid resuscitation until operative intervention improves the outcome. Expand
Traumatic brain injuries evaluated in U.S. emergency departments, 1992-1994.
TLDR
This study underscores the ongoing need for effective surveillance of all types of TBI and evaluation of prevention strategies targeting high-risk individuals and serves as a basis for comparison of incidence rates over time and a tool with which to measure the efficacy of future interventions. Expand
Clinical predictors of the adult respiratory distress syndrome.
TLDR
Of the ARDS cases, 76 percent occurred in the initial 24 hours after meeting the criteria, and ARDS did not occur after 72 hours unless there was late development of sepsis (3 of 136 patients). Expand
A prospective, population-based study of the demographics, epidemiology, management, and outcome of out-of-hospital pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest.
TLDR
This population-based study underscores the need to investigate new therapeutic interventions for PCPA, as well as innovative strategies for improving the frequency of basic CPR for children. Expand
Prehospital hypertonic saline/dextran infusion for post-traumatic hypotension. The U.S.A. Multicenter Trial.
TLDR
Although this trial demonstrated trends supportive of HSD in hypotensive hemorrhagic shock patients requiring surgery, a larger sample size will be required to establish which subgroups of trauma patients might maximally benefit from the prehospital use of a small volume of hyperosmolar solution. Expand
Public use of automated external defibrillators.
TLDR
Automated external defibrillators deployed in readily accessible, well-marked public areas in Chicago airports were used effectively to assist patients with cardiac arrest, and most of the users had no duty to act and no prior training in the use of these devices. Expand
Evidence-Based Performance Measures for Emergency Medical Services Systems: A Model for Expanded EMS Benchmarking
TLDR
This work has developed the following model that encompasses a broader range of clinical situations, including myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, bronchospasm, status epilepticus, and trauma, and it is hoped that utilization of this model will serve to improve EMS system design and deployment strategies while enhancing the benchmarking and sharing of best practices among EMS systems. Expand
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