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Characterizing complex craniodental patterns related to feeding behaviour in ungulates: a multivariate approach
This work examines whether stepwise discriminant function analysis of a suite of craniodental variables enables feeding behaviour and habitat preferences to be identified in fossil ungulates. There…
On the Ecological Connection Between Sabre-tooths and Hominids: Faunal Dispersal Events in the Lower Pleistocene and a Review of the Evidence for the First Human Arrival in Europe
The systematic revision of European assemblages of large mammals has shown a faunal break at the Plio–Pleistocene boundary, marked by the arrival of African and Asian species, which allows the tracing of the ecological and biogeographical scenario in which the first dispersal of hominids out of Africa took place.
Taphonomy and palaeoecology of an assemblage of large mammals: Hyaenid activity in the Lower Pleistocene site at Venta Micena (Orce, Guadix-Baza Basin, Granada, Spain)
Abstract We report taphonomic and palaeoecologic data on the rich, diverse and well preserved assemblage of large mammals from lower Pleistocene deposits at Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, south-east…
Ecomorphological correlates of craniodental variation in bears and paleobiological implications for extinct taxa: an approach based on geometric morphometrics
Results reveal a set of shared craniodental traits among the herbivorous bears, including short and vaulted skulls with well-developed zygomatic arches, lateralized orbits and small canines, concave jaws with a highly positioned condyle, large moment arms for the temporalis and masseter muscles, and long cheek teeth.
Presence of the African MachairodontMegantereon whitei(Broom, 1937) (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) in the Lower Pleistocene Site of Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Spain), with some Considerations on…
We have made a comparative analysis of dental morphometries of the Megantereon specimens found in the Lower Pleistocene site at Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Southeastern Spain) with representatives…
The oldest human fossil in Europe, from Orce (Spain).
- I. Toro-Moyano, B. Martínez-Navarro, +15 authors P. Palmqvist
- Geology, MedicineJournal of human evolution
- 1 July 2013
A new fossil hominin tooth from the site of Barranco León is described, dated between 1.02 and 1.73 Ma (millions of years ago) by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), which makes it the oldest from Western Europe.
Estimating the body mass of extinct ungulates: a study on the use of multiple regression
A new set of algorithms that allow the estimation of the body mass of extinct ungulates are proposed that are applied to three Miocene ungulate species, Dinohippus leidyanus, Stenomylus hitchcocki and Aletomeryx scotti.
Paleoecological reconstruction of a lower Pleistocene large mammal community using biogeochemical (δ13C, δ15N, δ18O, Sr:Zn) and ecomorphological approaches
Paleosynecological analysis was based on the relative abundance of species of large mammals from different ecological categories, determined by feeding behavior and locomotion types, and indicated that the composition of the paleocommunity closely resembles those of savannas with tall grass and shrubs.
On the limits of using combined U-series/ESR method to date fossil teeth from two Early Pleistocene archaeological sites of the Orce area (Guadix-Baza basin, Spain)
The combined U-series/electron spin resonance (ESR) dating method was applied to nine teeth from two Early Pleistocene archaeological sites located in the Orce area (Guadix-Baza Basin, Southern…
Shape at the cross‐roads: homoplasy and history in the evolution of the carnivoran skull towards herbivory
- B. Figueirido, F. J. Serrano-Alarcón, G. Slater, P. Palmqvist
- Biology, MedicineJournal of evolutionary biology
- 1 December 2010
The results indicate that both historical constraints and adaptation have interplayed in the evolution towards herbivory of the carnivoran skull, which has resulted in repeated patterns of biomechanical homoplasy.