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Biological, Clinical, and Population Relevance of 95 Loci for Blood Lipids
TLDR
The results identify several novel loci associated with plasma lipids that are also associated with CAD and provide the foundation to develop a broader biological understanding of lipoprotein metabolism and to identify new therapeutic opportunities for the prevention of CAD. Expand
Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
TLDR
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility. Expand
Genome-wide association study of 14,000 cases of seven common diseases and 3,000 shared controls
TLDR
This study has demonstrated that careful use of a shared control group represents a safe and effective approach to GWA analyses of multiple disease phenotypes; generated a genome-wide genotype database for future studies of common diseases in the British population; and shown that, provided individuals with non-European ancestry are excluded, the extent of population stratification in theBritish population is generally modest. Expand
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
TLDR
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation. Expand
Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
TLDR
Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity. Expand
Discovery and Refinement of Loci Associated with Lipid Levels
TLDR
It is found that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index. Expand
Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height
TLDR
The results indicate a genetic architecture for human height that is characterized by a very large but finite number of causal variants, including mTOR, osteoglycin and binding of hyaluronic acid. Expand
Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity
TLDR
It is established that common variants near MC4R influence fat mass, weight and obesity risk at the population level and reinforce the need for large-scale data integration to identify variants influencing continuous biomedical traits. Expand
Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height
TLDR
It is shown that hundreds of genetic variants, in at least 180 loci, influence adult height, a highly heritable and classic polygenic trait, and indicates that GWA studies can identify large numbers of loci that implicate biologically relevant genes and pathways. Expand
Genome-wide association study identifies eight loci associated with blood pressure
Elevated blood pressure is a common, heritable cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. To date, identification of common genetic variants influencing blood pressure has proven challenging. WeExpand
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