Global imprint of climate change on marine life
Research that combines all available studies of biological responses to regional and global climate change shows that 81–83% of all observations were consistent with the expected impacts of climate…
The Pace of Shifting Climate in Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Two measures of thermal shifts from analyses of global temperatures over the past 50 years are used to describe the pace of climate change that species should track: the velocity ofClimate change (geographic shifts of isotherms over time) and the shift in seasonal timing of temperatures.
Living on the Edge of Two Changing Worlds: Forecasting the Responses of Rocky Intertidal Ecosystems to Climate Change
It is described how ecological forecasting may be used to generate explicit hypotheses regarding the likely impacts of different climatic change scenarios on the distribution of intertidal species and how related hindcasting methods can beused to evaluate changes that have already been detected.
A hierarchical approach to defining marine heatwaves
Meta-analysis reveals complex marine biological responses to the interactive effects of ocean acidification and warming
The observed synergisms between interacting stressors suggest that care must be made in making inferences from single-stressor studies, and there is now an urgent need to move toward more robust, holistic, and ecologically realistic climate change experiments that incorporate interactions.
Longer and more frequent marine heatwaves over the past century
Using a range of ocean temperature data including global records of daily satellite observations, daily in situ measurements and gridded monthly in situ-based data sets, this work identifies significant increases in marine heatwaves over the past century.
Threats and knowledge gaps for ecosystem services provided by kelp forests: a northeast Atlantic perspective
- D. Smale, M. Burrows, P. Moore, Nessa E. O'Connor, S. Hawkins
- Environmental ScienceEcology and Evolution
- 15 September 2013
Information is synthesized from >60 years of research on the structure and functioning of kelp forest habitats in European waters, with particular emphasis on the coasts of UK and Ireland, which represents an important biogeographic transition zone that is subjected to multiple threats and stressors.
Responses of Marine Organisms to Climate Change across Oceans
Climate change is driving changes in the physical and chemical properties of the ocean that have consequences for marine ecosystems. Here, we review evidence for the responses of marine life to…
Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services
The global ocean has warmed substantially over the past century, with far-reaching implications for marine ecosystems1. Concurrent with long-term persistent warming, discrete periods of extreme…