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Mortality after the death of a spouse: rates and causes of death in a large Finnish cohort.
OBJECTIVES This study examines excess mortality among Finnish persons after the death of a spouse, by sex, the subject's cause of death, duration of bereavement, and age. METHODS The subjects were… Expand
Pathways between socioeconomic determinants of health
- E. Lahelma, P. Martikainen, M. Laaksonen, A. Aittomäki
- Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
- 1 April 2004
Study objective: Many previous studies on socioeconomic inequalities in health have neglected the causal interdependencies between different socioeconomic indicators. This study examines the pathways… Expand
Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality among women and among men: an international study.
- J. Mackenbach, A. Kunst, +8 authors T. Valkonen
- Geography, Medicine
- American journal of public health
OBJECTIVES This study compared differences in total and cause-specific mortality by educational level among women with those among men in 7 countries: the United States, Finland, Norway, Italy, the… Expand
Do risk factors and health behaviours contribute to self-ratings of health?
This study examined the relative importance of five risk factors and health behaviours (namely dietary habits, leisure time exercise, smoking, alcohol consumption and body mass index) on self-ratings… Expand
Predictors of early retirement in British civil servants.
- G. Mein, P. Martikainen, S. Stansfeld, E. Brunner, R. Fuhrer, M. Marmot
- Age and ageing
- 1 November 2000
BACKGROUND it is uncertain how recent changes in labour force dynamics may have influenced the increasing numbers of people taking early retirement in industrialized countries. The Whitehall II study… Expand
Dietary patterns and 15-y risks of major coronary events, diabetes, and mortality.
- E. Brunner, A. Mosdøl, +4 authors M. Marmot
- The American journal of clinical nutrition
- 1 May 2008
BACKGROUND Few studies have examined the long-term effect of habitual diet on risks of incident diabetes, coronary heart disease, and mortality. OBJECTIVE We analyzed the prospective relation of… Expand
Women's employment, marriage, motherhood and mortality: a test of the multiple role and role accumulation hypotheses.
- P. Martikainen
- Sociology, Medicine
- Social science & medicine
Two contrasting hypotheses on the effects of combining marital, parental and work roles on mortality are analysed in this paper. The 'multiple role' hypothesis suggests that the effects are harmful,… Expand
Excess mortality of unemployed men and women during a period of rapidly increasing unemployment
BACKGROUND Previous studies have found evidence of higher mortality rates among unemployed people than among those in employment, but the effect of changes in national unemployment rates on this… Expand
Mortality after death of spouse in relation to duration of bereavement in Finland.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the extent to which death of a spouse causes excess mortality by controlling for the effects of confounding and other sources of bias. Three possible sources of bias… Expand