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Issues in the Classification of Multimodal Communication Signals
Communication involves complex behavior in multiple sensory channels, or “modalities.” We provide an overview of multimodal communication and its costs and benefits, place examples of signals and displays from an array of taxa, sensory systems, and functions into our signal classification system, and consider issues surrounding the categorization of multimodoal signals. Expand
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Monkey responses to three different alarm calls: evidence of predator classification and semantic communication.
Vervet monkeys give different alarm calls to different predators. Recordings of the alarms played back when predators were absent caused the monkeys to run into trees for leopard alarms, look up forExpand
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Communication Goes Multimodal
Communication depends on the simultaneous receipt of multiple sensory stimuli. The Perspective by Partan and Marler in this week9s issue postulates a new classification system for multimodal sensoryExpand
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Vervet monkey alarm calls: Semantic communication in a free-ranging primate
Abstract Vervet monkeys ( Cercopithecus aethiops ) at Amboseli, Kenya, give acoustically different alarm calls to different predators. Each alarm evokes contrasting, seemingly adaptive, responses.Expand
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Letters to the editor.
Scammell, Thomas E., John D. Griffin, Joel K. Elmquist, and Clifford B. Saper. Microinjection of a cyclooxygenase inhibitor into the anteroventral preoptic region attenuates LPS fever. Am. J.Expand
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Chapter 5 – Bird calls: a cornucopia for communication
The contribution of bird calls to nature's music is minimal. We all know that songs display avian vocal tract virtuosity at its finest. As an intense focus of processes on sexual selection,Expand
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Characteristics of Some Animal Calls
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Birdsong and speech development: could there be parallels?
  • P. Marler
  • Biology, Medicine
  • American scientist
  • 1 November 1970
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Three models of song learning: evidence from behavior.
  • P. Marler
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of neurobiology
  • 5 November 1997
Research on avian song learning has traditionally been based on an instructional model, as exemplified by the sensorimotor model of song development. Several large-scale, species-wide field studiesExpand
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