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Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis Or Diagnosis (TRIPOD): Explanation and Elaboration
TLDR
In virtually all medical domains, diagnostic and prognostic multivariable prediction models are being developed, validated, updated, and implemented with the aim to assist doctors and individuals in estimating probabilities and potentially influence their decision making. Expand
The performance of tests of publication bias and other sample size effects in systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy was assessed.
TLDR
The effective sample size funnel plot and associated regression test of asymmetry should be used to detect publication bias and other sample size related effects in meta-analyses of test accuracy. Expand
Recommendations for examining and interpreting funnel plot asymmetry in meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials
TLDR
How to interpret funnel plot asymmetry, recommends appropriate tests, and explains the implications for choice of meta-analysis model are described. Expand
The development of a quality appraisal tool for studies of diagnostic reliability (QAREL).
TLDR
The Quality Appraisal of Reliability Studies (QAREL) checklist includes 11 items that explore seven principles that cover the spectrum of subjects, spectrum of examiners, examiner blinding, order effects of examination, suitability of the time interval among repeated measurements, appropriate test application and interpretation, and appropriate statistical analysis. Expand
Integration of 3D digital mammography with tomosynthesis for population breast-cancer screening (STORM): a prospective comparison study.
TLDR
Integrated 2D and 3D mammography improves breast-cancer detection and has the potential to reduce false positive recalls. Expand
Accuracy and surgical impact of magnetic resonance imaging in breast cancer staging: systematic review and meta-analysis in detection of multifocal and multicentric cancer.
TLDR
There is a need to reduce FP MRI detection in detection of multifocal and/or multicentric cancer not identified on conventional imaging, however there is not enough evidence to determine the clinical value of detecting additional disease which changes surgical treatment in women with apparently localized breast cancer. Expand
Serum levels of phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, and calcium and risks of death and cardiovascular disease in individuals with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
The evidentiary basis for a strong, consistent, and independent association between serum levels of calcium and parathyroid hormone and the risk of death and cardiovascular events in chronic kidney disease is poor. Expand
A comparison of methods to detect publication bias in meta-analysis.
TLDR
Based on the empirical type I error rates, a regression of treatment effect on sample size, weighted by the inverse of the variance of the logit of the pooled proportion (using the marginal total) is the preferred method. Expand
Meta-analysis of Pap test accuracy.
TLDR
The summary receiver operating characteristic curve suggests that the Pap test may be unable to achieve concurrently high sensitivity and specificity and future primary studies should pay more attention to methodologic standards for the conduct and reporting of diagnostic test evaluations. Expand
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