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Caesarean section without medical indications is associated with an increased risk of adverse short-term maternal outcomes: the 2004-2008 WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health
It is concluded that caesarean sections should be performed when a clear benefit is anticipated, a benefit that might compensate for the higher costs and additional risks associated with this operation.
Diet or exercise, or both, for preventing excessive weight gain in pregnancy.
Interventions involving low glycaemic load diets, supervised or unsupervised exercise only, or diet and exercise combined all led to similar reductions in the number of women gaining excessive weight in pregnancy.
Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among adolescent mothers: a World Health Organization multicountry study
  • T. Ganchimeg, E. Ota, R. Mori
  • Psychology, Medicine
    BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and…
  • 1 March 2014
To investigate the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes among adolescents in 29 countries, a large number of countries and territories are considered to be at risk.
The World Health Organization Fetal Growth Charts: A Multinational Longitudinal Study of Ultrasound Biometric Measurements and Estimated Fetal Weight
There was asymmetric distribution of growth of EFW: a slightly wider distribution among the lower percentiles during early weeks shifted to a notably expanded distribution of the higher percentiles in late pregnancy.