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A new endogenous ATP analog (ApppI) inhibits the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) and is responsible for the apoptosis induced by nitrogen‐containing bisphosphonates
Bisphosphonates are currently the most important class of antiresorptive drugs used for the treatment of diseases with excess bone resorption. On the basis of their molecular mechanism of action,Expand
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Removal of osteoclast bone resorption products by transcytosis.
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells responsible for bone resorption. During the resorption cycle, osteoclasts undergo dramatic changes in their polarity, and resorbing cells reveal four functionallyExpand
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Single integrin molecule adhesion forces in intact cells measured by atomic force microscopy.
Cross-talk between cells and the extracellular matrix is critically influenced by the mechanical properties of cell surface receptor-ligand interactions; these interactions are especially wellExpand
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Intracellular Fragmentation of Bone Resorption Products by Reactive Oxygen Species Generated by Osteoclastic Tartrate-resistant Acid Phosphatase*
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is highly expressed in bone-resorbing osteoclasts and activated macrophages. It has been suggested that a redox-active iron in the binuclear iron center ofExpand
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The mechanism of action of induced membranes in bone repair.
BACKGROUND Inducement of foreign-body granulation tissue is a relatively novel therapeutic modality in bone repair. A two-stage bone reconstruction method, known as the Masquelet technique, combinesExpand
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Automatic Knee Osteoarthritis Diagnosis from Plain Radiographs: A Deep Learning-Based Approach
TLDR
We present a new transparent computer-aided diagnosis method based on the Deep Siamese Convolutional Neural Network to automatically score knee OA severity according to the Kellgren-Lawrence grading scale. Expand
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Atomic force microscopy can be used to mechanically stimulate osteoblasts and evaluate cellular strain distributions.
In this study, atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to mechanically stimulate primary osteoblasts. In response to mechanical force applied by the AFM, the indented cell increased its intracellularExpand
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Bone-resorbing osteoclasts reveal a dynamic division of basal plasma membrane into two different domains.
Bone-resorbing multinucleate osteoclasts exhibit a ruffled border membrane apposing the bone and a basal membrane contacting the circulation. A junctional complex called the sealing zone separatesExpand
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Congenital pseudarthrosis of neurofibromatosis type 1: impaired osteoblast differentiation and function and altered NF1 gene expression.
Three patients with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) were operated for congenital pseudarthrosis (PA) of the tibia. Three non-NF1 patients served as reference. Both NF1 mRNA and protein were detected in theExpand
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Further insight into mechanism of action of clodronate: inhibition of mitochondrial ADP/ATP translocase by a nonhydrolyzable, adenine-containing metabolite.
Bisphosphonates are currently the most important class of antiresorptive drugs used for the treatment of diseases with excess bone resorption. Recent studies have shown that bisphosphonates can beExpand
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