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Statistical methods in cancer research. Volume III--The design and analysis of long-term animal experiments.
Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence in the 1900s relating smoking to lung cancer
The association of lung cancer with smoking is strong, evident for all lung cancer types, dose-related and insensitive to covariate- adjusting, and emphasises the causal nature of the relationship.
Systematic review of the relation between smokeless tobacco and cancer in Europe and North America
An increased risk of oropharyngeal cancer is evident most clearly for past smokeless tobacco use in the USA, but not for Scandinavian snuff, and some meta-analyses suggest a possible effect for oesophagus, pancreas, larynx and kidney cancer, but other cancers show no effect of smokeless Tobacco.
International Smoking Statistics
Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence relating smoking to COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema
BackgroundSmoking is a known cause of the outcomes COPD, chronic bronchitis (CB) and emphysema, but no previous systematic review exists. We summarize evidence for various smoking…
Summary of the epidemiological evidence relating snus to health.
- P. Lee
- MedicineRegulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP
- 1 March 2011
Circulatory disease and smokeless tobacco in Western populations: a review of the evidence.
- P. Lee
- MedicineInternational journal of epidemiology
- 1 August 2007
The overall evidence relating smokeless tobacco (ST) to CID and related risk factors appears to be substantially less than from smoking, and no clear risk from Swedish snuff is seen, but the overall evidence is limited.
The effect of quitting smoking on HDL-cholesterol - a review based on within-subject changes
- B. Forey, J. Fry, P. Lee, A. Thornton, Katharine J. Coombs
- MedicineBiomarker Research
- 13 September 2013
It is concluded that quitting smoking increases HDL-C, and that this increase occurs rapidly after quitting, with no clear pattern of change thereafter.
Misclassification of Smoking Habits and Passive Smoking
- P. Lee
- MedicineInternational Archives of Occupational and…