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A classification of chronic pain for ICD-11
Chronic pain has been recognized as pain that persists past normal healing time5 and hence lacks the acute warning function of physiological nociception.35 Usually pain is regarded as chronic when itExpand
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Severity of acute pain after childbirth, but not type of delivery, predicts persistent pain and postpartum depression
Abstract Cesarean delivery rates continue to increase, and surgery is associated with chronic pain, often co‐existing with depression. Also, acute pain in the days after surgery is a strong predictorExpand
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Intraoperative Epidural Analgesia Combined with Ketamine Provides Effective Preventive Analgesia in Patients Undergoing Major Digestive Surgery
Background: As a broader definition of preemptive analgesia, preventive analgesia aims to prevent the sensitization of central nervous system, hence the development of pathologic pain after tissularExpand
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Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease: the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)
Abstract Chronic pain is a major source of suffering. It interferes with daily functioning and often is accompanied by distress. Yet, in the International Classification of Diseases, chronic painExpand
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The progression from acute to chronic pain
Purpose of review The persistence of pain after surgical procedure or trauma has become a major focus of interest and its prevention now represents a challenge as an indicator of quality ofExpand
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Resolution of Pain after Childbirth
Background:Chronic pain after surgery occurs in 10–40% of individuals, including 5–20% of women after cesarean delivery in previous reports. Pain and depression 2 months after childbirth areExpand
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The IASP classification of chronic pain for ICD-11: chronic neuropathic pain
Abstract The upcoming 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) of the World Health Organization (WHO) offers a unique opportunity toExpand
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Intrathecal Ropivacaine and Clonidine for Ambulatory Knee Arthroscopy: A Dose–Response Study
BackgroundThe aim of this study was to evaluate the association of a small dose of intrathecal ropivacaine with small doses of intrathecal clonidine for ambulatory surgery. MethodsOne hundred twentyExpand
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Pain after knee arthroplasty: an unresolved issue
AbstractPurpose Despite the recent advances in the understanding of pain mechanisms and the introduction of new drugs and new techniques in the postoperative management, pain after total kneeExpand
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Practical Guidelines on the Postoperative Use of Patient-Controlled Analgesia in the Elderly
Inadequate pain control after surgery is associated with adverse outcomes in elderly patients; for this reason, effective analgesia is an essential component of postoperative care in this patientExpand
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