• Publications
  • Influence
Measuring emotion: the Self-Assessment Manikin and the Semantic Differential.
  • M. Bradley, P. Lang
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of behavior therapy and experimental…
  • 1 March 1994
Reports of affective experience obtained using SAM are compared to the Semantic Differential scale devised by Mehrabian and Russell (An approach to environmental psychology, 1974), which requires 18 different ratings.
Affective Norms for English Words (ANEW): Instruction Manual and Affective Ratings
depressed individuals recalled fewer positive words than did their taken from the Affective Norms for English. Words list (ANEW, Bradley Affective norms for English words (ANEW): Instruction manual
International Affective Picture System (IAPS) : Technical Manual and Affective Ratings
The International Affective Picture System (IAPS) is being developed to provide a set of normative emotional stimuli for experimental investigations of emotion and attention. The goal is to develop a
The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention.
  • P. Lang
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American psychologist
  • 1 May 1995
Using a large emotional picture library, reliable affective psychophysiologies are shown, defined by the judged valence (appetitive/pleasant or aversive/unpleasant) and arousal of picture percepts.
Looking at pictures: affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions.
Responsibility specificity, particularly facial expressiveness, supported the view that specific affects have unique patterns of reactivity, and consistency of the dimensional relationships between evaluative judgments and physiological response emphasizes that emotion is fundamentally organized by these motivational parameters.
Brain potentials in affective picture processing: covariation with autonomic arousal and affective report
The results suggest that the late positive wave indicates a selective processing of emotional stimuli, reflecting the activation of motivational systems in the brain.
Emotion and motivation I: defensive and appetitive reactions in picture processing.
The findings suggest that affective responses serve different functions-mobilization for action, attention, and social communication-and reflect the motivational system that is engaged, its intensity of activation, and the specific emotional context.
Affective picture processing: the late positive potential is modulated by motivational relevance.
The data support the view that late positivity to affective pictures is modulated both by their intrinsic motivational significance and the evaluative context of picture presentation.