Measuring emotion: the Self-Assessment Manikin and the Semantic Differential.
Affective Norms for English Words (ANEW): Instruction Manual and Affective Ratings
depressed individuals recalled fewer positive words than did their taken from the Affective Norms for English. Words list (ANEW, Bradley Affective norms for English words (ANEW): Instruction manual…
International Affective Picture System (IAPS) : Technical Manual and Affective Ratings
- P. Lang
The International Affective Picture System (IAPS) is being developed to provide a set of normative emotional stimuli for experimental investigations of emotion and attention. The goal is to develop a…
The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention.
- P. Lang
- Psychology, BiologyAmerican Psychologist
- 1 May 1995
Using a large emotional picture library, reliable affective psychophysiologies are shown, defined by the judged valence (appetitive/pleasant or aversive/unpleasant) and arousal of picture percepts.
Behavioral treatment and bio-behavioral assessment: computer applications
- P. Lang
International Affective Picture System (IAPS): Instruction Manual and Affective Ratings (Tech. Rep. No. A-4)
Looking at pictures: affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions.
Responsibility specificity, particularly facial expressiveness, supported the view that specific affects have unique patterns of reactivity, and consistency of the dimensional relationships between evaluative judgments and physiological response emphasizes that emotion is fundamentally organized by these motivational parameters.
Emotion and motivation I: defensive and appetitive reactions in picture processing.
The findings suggest that affective responses serve different functions-mobilization for action, attention, and social communication-and reflect the motivational system that is engaged, its intensity of activation, and the specific emotional context.
Brain potentials in affective picture processing: covariation with autonomic arousal and affective report
Affective picture processing: the late positive potential is modulated by motivational relevance.
- H. Schupp, B. Cuthbert, M. Bradley, J. Cacioppo, T. Ito, P. Lang
- 1 March 2000
The data support the view that late positivity to affective pictures is modulated both by their intrinsic motivational significance and the evaluative context of picture presentation.