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Interactions between effects of environmental chemicals and natural stressors: a review.
Ecotoxicological effect studies often expose test organisms under optimal environmental conditions. However, organisms in their natural settings rarely experience optimal conditions. On the contrary,Expand
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Dynamics of Accumulation and Decontamination of Cadmium and Zinc in Carnivorous Invertebrates. 1. The Ground Beetle, Poecilus cupreus L.
  • P. Kramarz
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Bulletin of environmental contamination and…
  • 1 October 1999
Although the concept of biomagnification, that is, an increase in the concentration of anthropogenic pollutants along trophic chains, has been applied to many chemicals (e.g., Gilles et al., 1973;Expand
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Dynamics of Accumulation and Decontamination of Cadmium and Zinc in Carnivorous Invertebrates. 2. The Centipede Lithobius mutabilis Koch
  • P. Kramarz
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Bulletin of environmental contamination and…
  • 1 October 1999
Metals, being non-degradable, tend to accumulate in animals and hence long-term exposure even to low concentrations of metals may lead to harmful effects. From the physiological point of view,Expand
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Interactions between toxic chemicals and natural environmental factors--a meta-analysis and case studies.
The paper addresses problems arising from effects of natural environmental factors on toxicity of pollutants to organisms. Most studies on interactions between toxicants and natural factors,Expand
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The respiration rate of the beet armyworm pupae (Spodoptera exigua) after multi-generation intoxication with cadmium and zinc.
The beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua) were fed on artificial food contaminated with zinc (200 mg kg(-1) dry mass) or cadmium (66 mg kg(-1) dry mass) for 15 generations. In 15th generation, O2 outputExpand
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Increased response to cadmium and Bacillus thuringiensis maize toxicity in the snail Helix aspersa infected by the nematode Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita.
To determine the effect of nematode infection on the response of snails to selected toxins, we infected Helix aspersa with 0-, 0.25-, 1-, or 4-fold the recommended field dose of a commercial nematodeExpand
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Complex response in size-related traits of bulb mites (Rhizoglyphus robini) under elevated thermal conditions – an experimental evolution approach
SUMMARY Temperature is a key environmental factor affecting almost all aspects of life history in ectotherms. Theory predicts that they grow faster, reach smaller sizes and produce smaller offspringExpand
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Combined effect of environmental pollutants (nickel, chlorpyrifos) and temperature on the ground beetle, Pterostichus oblongopunctatus (Coleoptera: Carabidae).
Terrestrial organisms in the field often are exposed to a combination of stress factors of various origins, but little is known about interactions between different types of stressors. In the presentExpand
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Effect of interaction between density dependence and toxicant exposure on population growth rate of the potworm Enchytraeus doerjesi.
Laboratory cultures of the potworm Enchytreaus doerjesi were exposed to zinc-contaminated soil at nominal concentrations 0, 75, 150, 300, or 600 mg Zn/kg dry weight for four weeks (one generation) atExpand
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Effect of Zinc Contamination on Life History Parameters of a Ground Beetle, Poecilus cupreus
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