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The Two Sides of Euroscepticism
This article aims to make a three-fold contribution to the study of Euroscepticism in the wider Europe. First, it presents a two-dimensional conceptualization of party positions on EuropeanExpand
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Party patronage in contemporary democracies: Results from an expert survey in 22 countries from five regions
This Research Note presents a new dataset of party patronage in 22 countries from five regions. The data was collected using the same methodology to compare patterns of patronage within countries,Expand
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Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies
PART I: STUDYING PARTY PATRONAGE 1. Party Patronage as an Organizational Resource 2. Measuring Party Patronage through Structured Expert Interviews PART II: PARTY PATRONAGE IN EUROPE 3. PartyExpand
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The State and the Parties
This article focuses on the relationship between political parties and the state. We propose an analytical framework distinguishing between three different dimensions of the party-state linkage: theExpand
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Efficacy and safety of lebrikizumab in patients with uncontrolled asthma (LAVOLTA I and LAVOLTA II): replicate, phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials.
BACKGROUND In phase 2 trials, lebrikizumab, an anti-interleukin-13 monoclonal antibody, reduced exacerbation rates and improved FEV1 in patients with uncontrolled asthma, particularly in those withExpand
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Political Competition and Party Patronage: Public Appointments in Ghana and South Africa
State exploitation by political parties is one of the key problems of new democracies. This article looks at party patronage as one of the ways through which political parties exploit the state. ItExpand
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Party Patronage in Contemporary Europe
Party patronage is generally associated with social, economic and political underdevelopment, and is hence seen as largely irrelevant in the context of contemporary European politics. In thisExpand
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The cartel party and the state
This article focuses on the nature and strength of the relationship between political parties and the state. Expanding on the analytical framework we developed earlier (van Biezen and Kopecký, 2007),Expand
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Rethinking civil society
Most studies of civil society are mainly normative, both in their conceptualization and in their theoretical assumptions. We suggest a new, or better a revised, research agenda of the study of civilExpand
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‘Jobs for the Boys’? Patterns of Party Patronage in Post-Communist Europe
This article examines the patterns of party patronage in post-communist Europe and provides an explanation for the varying practices observed by stressing the institutional legacies of the past.Expand
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