• Publications
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Tackling antibiotic resistance: the environmental framework
Antibiotic resistance is a threat to human and animal health worldwide, and key measures are required to reduce the risks posed by antibiotic resistance genes that occur in the environment. TheseExpand
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Trimethoprim and sulfonamide resistance.
Trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfonamides (SULs) are synthetic antibacterial agents. The first SUL compounds were used in 1932, whereas TMP is a relatively new compound first used in 1962 in England (69).Expand
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The effect of changes in the consumption of macrolide antibiotics on erythromycin resistance in group A streptococci in Finland. Finnish Study Group for Antimicrobial Resistance.
BACKGROUND In the early 1990s there was an increase in erythromycin resistance among group A streptococci in Finland. In response, policies regarding outpatient antibiotic therapy were changed, andExpand
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Resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.
  • P. Huovinen
  • Medicine
  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official…
  • 1 June 2001
Sulfonamides have a glorious history. In 1935, they were the first class of true antimicrobial agents with life-saving potency. Today, 66 years later, increased bacterial resistance to sulfonamidesExpand
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A Novel Erythromycin Resistance Methylase Gene (ermTR) in Streptococcus pyogenes
ABSTRACT Erythromycin resistance among streptococci is commonly due to target site modification by an rRNA-methylating enzyme, which results in coresistance to macrolide, lincosamide, andExpand
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Detection of Decreased Fluoroquinolone Susceptibility in Salmonellas and Validation of Nalidixic Acid Screening Test
ABSTRACT We evaluated 1,010 Salmonella isolates classified as fluoroquinolone susceptible according to the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards guidelines for susceptibility toExpand
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Comparison between Cultured Small-Intestinal and Fecal Microbiotas in Beagle Dogs
ABSTRACT The microbiota of the small intestine is poorly known because of difficulties in sampling. In this study, we examined whether the organisms cultured from the jejunum and feces resemble eachExpand
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Three different phenotypes of erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes in Finland.
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A placebo-controlled trial of antimicrobial treatment for acute otitis media.
BACKGROUND The efficacy of antimicrobial treatment in children with acute otitis media remains controversial. METHODS In this randomized, double-blind trial, children 6 to 35 months of age withExpand
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Guideline for the management of acute sore throat.
The European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases established the Sore Throat Guideline Group to write an updated guideline to diagnose and treat patients with acute sore throat.Expand
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