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Clinical and laboratory measures of postural balance in an elderly population.
The Balance Scale was the most efficient measure to statistically discriminate between subjects according to their use of each type of mobility aide (walker, cane, no aids) and supports the validity of the Balance Scale in this geriatric population. Expand
A prospective study of postural balance and risk of falling in an ambulatory and independent elderly population.
Lateral spontaneous-sway amplitude was found to be the single best predictor of future falling risk, particularly for the large group of falls that were precipitated by a biomechanical perturbation. Expand
Fear of falling and postural performance in the elderly.
Subjects who expressed a fear of falling were found to exhibit significantly poorer performance in blindfolded spontaneous-sway tests and in eyes-open, one-leg stance tests, and the clinical scale was the only balance measure that showed a significant association with retrospective, self-reported falling history. Expand
Psychological indicators of balance confidence: relationship to actual and perceived abilities.
Balance confidence assessed by the ABC and self-perceived need for personal assistance with outdoor ambulation were the only indicators significantly associated with the performance measures. Expand
Aging and Postural Control
There was a significant correlation between induced‐sway and certain spontaneous‐s way measures in the normal young adults; however, in the elderly normals and fallers, the data from the two types of balance tests either showed no correlation or, for certain spontaneous-sway measures, tended to show an inverse relationship. Expand
Functional performance measures: are they superior to self-assessments?
This article challenges this assumed superiority of "objective," "behavioral" measures by directly comparing self-assessments and blindly rated performance assessments on a specific item by task basis, using an identical rating format. Expand
The relationship of postural sway in standing to the incidence of falls in geriatric subjects.
A double-blind study was undertaken to determine the relationship (if one exits) between the extent of postural sway in standing of individual elderly subjects and their frequency of falling. A totalExpand
Postural sway in amputees and normal subjects.
It is demonstrated that in amputees there is an increased dependence on vision for maintenance of the erect posture and postural sway increased with age; but the visual dependence for the control of postural swayed was independent of age. Expand
Are Activity‐Based Assessments of Balance and Gait in the Elderly Predictive of Risk of Falling and/or Type of Fall?
The predictive ability of the activity‐based test for the falls described in (2) and (3) to that of a posturography test that has been found previously to be predictive of falling risk is compared. Expand
Visual input: its importance in the control of postural sway.
Using a minicomputer, the locus of postural sway was measured during 1 minute periods in 144 volunteer subjects, including 105 control subjects and 39 persons with above-knee amputations to hypothesized loss of proprioception and kinesthetic sense. Expand