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The oyster genome reveals stress adaptation and complexity of shell formation
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas belongs to one of the most species-rich but genomically poorly explored phyla, the Mollusca. Here we report the sequencing and assembly of the oyster genome usingExpand
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The amphioxus genome and the evolution of the chordate karyotype
Lancelets (‘amphioxus’) are the modern survivors of an ancient chordate lineage, with a fossil record dating back to the Cambrian period. Here we describe the structure and gene content of the highlyExpand
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The genomes of four tapeworm species reveal adaptations to parasitism
Tapeworms (Cestoda) cause neglected diseases that can be fatal and are difficult to treat, owing to inefficient drugs. Here we present an analysis of tapeworm genome sequences using theExpand
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Butterfly genome reveals promiscuous exchange of mimicry adaptations among species
The evolutionary importance of hybridization and introgression has long been debated. Hybrids are usually rare and unfit, but even infrequent hybridization can aid adaptation by transferringExpand
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The ParaHox gene cluster is an evolutionary sister of the Hox gene cluster
Genes of the Hox cluster are restricted to the animal kingdom and play a central role in axial patterning in divergent animal phyla. Despite its evolutionary and developmental significance, theExpand
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Gene duplications and the origins of vertebrate development.
All vertebrates possess anatomical features not seen in their closest living relatives, the protochordates (tunicates and amphioxus). Some of these features depend on developmental processes orExpand
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Classification and nomenclature of all human homeobox genes
BackgroundThe homeobox genes are a large and diverse group of genes, many of which play important roles in the embryonic development of animals. Increasingly, homeobox genes are being comparedExpand
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The zootype and the phylotypic stage
What is it that defines an animal? The definition provided here, made on the basis of developmental biology, suggests methods for resolving phylogenetic problems.
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The spotted gar genome illuminates vertebrate evolution and facilitates human-to-teleost comparisons
To connect human biology to fish biomedical models, we sequenced the genome of spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus), whose lineage diverged from teleosts before teleost genome duplication (TGD). TheExpand
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The amphioxus genome illuminates vertebrate origins and cephalochordate biology.
Cephalochordates, urochordates, and vertebrates evolved from a common ancestor over 520 million years ago. To improve our understanding of chordate evolution and the origin of vertebrates, weExpand
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