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Inefficient Muscular Stabilization of the Lumbar Spine Associated With Low Back Pain: A Motor Control Evaluation of Transversus Abdominis
The delayed onset of contraction of transversus abdominis indicates a deficit of motor control and is hypothesized to result in inefficient muscular stabilization of the spine. Expand
A comparison of computer-based methods for the determination of onset of muscle contraction using electromyography.
This study compared the relative accuracy of a range of computer-based techniques with respect to EMG onset determined visually by an experienced examiner and found several methods accurately selected the time of onset of EMG activity. Expand
Contraction of the abdominal muscles associated with movement of the lower limb.
Results suggest that the central nervous system deals with stabilization of the spine by contraction of the abdominal and multifidus muscles in anticipation of reactive forces produced by limb movement. Expand
Moving differently in pain: A new theory to explain the adaptation to pain
The motor adaptation to pain from the micro (single motoneuron) to macro (coordination of whole-muscle behaviour) levels is considered and to provide a basis for a new theory to explain the motor changes in pain. Expand
Delayed onset of electromyographic activity of vastus medialis obliquus relative to vastus lateralis in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
- S. Cowan, K. Bennell, P. Hodges, K. Crossley, J. Mcconnell
- Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
- 1 February 2001
This finding supports the hypothesized relationship between changes in the timing of activity of the vastimuscles and PFPS and provides theoretical rationale to support physiotherapy treatment commonly used in the management of PFPS. Expand
Altered trunk muscle recruitment in people with low back pain with upper limb movement at different speeds.
The results indicate that the mechanism of preparatory spinal control is altered in people with lower back pain for movement at a variety of speeds. Expand
Feedforward contraction of transversus abdominis is not influenced by the direction of arm movement
It is postulated that the non-direction-specific contraction of TrA may be related to the control of trunk stability independent of the requirement for direction-specific control of the centre of gravity in relation to the base of support. Expand
Pain and motor control of the lumbopelvic region: effect and possible mechanisms.
It is argued that, at least in some cases, pain may cause the changes in control of the trunk muscles in people with low back pain, and strategies of prevention and rehabilitation of LBP are argued. Expand
A Randomized Controlled Trial of Intensive Neurophysiology Education in Chronic Low Back Pain
The results suggest that pain neurophysiology education, but not back school type education, should be included in a wider pain management approach. Expand
Experimental muscle pain changes feedforward postural responses of the trunk muscles
- P. Hodges, G. Moseley, A. Gabrielsson, S. Gandevia
- Psychology, Medicine
- Experimental Brain Research
- 3 June 2003
The results suggest that acute experimentally induced pain may affect feedforward postural activity of the trunk muscles, with consistent impairment of transversus abdominis (TrA) activity. Expand