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Keep on Truckin’ or Stay the Course? Exploring Grit Dimensions as Differential Predictors of Educational Achievement, Satisfaction, and Intentions
In an ongoing effort to identify predictors of educational success and achievement, grit has emerged as a seemingly useful disposition. Grit is conceived as the combination of perseverance of effort…
Purpose, hope, and life satisfaction in three age groups
Using the Revised Youth Purpose Survey (Bundick et al., 2006), the Trait Hope Scale (Snyder et al., 1991), and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985), the present…
A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention
- B. Roberts, Jing Luo, D. Briley, P. Chow, R. Su, P. Hill
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
- 5 January 2017
Empirical studies identified 207 studies that had tracked changes in measures of personality traits during interventions, including true experiments and prepost change designs, and found that personality traits changed the most, and patients being treated for substance use changed the least.
What is conscientiousness and how can it be assessed?
This article reviews the conceptual standing of conscientiousness as a personality trait, past research focusing on the underlying dimensions ofcientiousness, the nomological network in which conscientiousness is embedded, and the diverse methods that have been used to assess dimensions of conscientiousity.
Purpose in Life as a Predictor of Mortality Across Adulthood
Having a purpose in life appears to widely buffer against mortality risk across the adult years, using data from the longitudinal Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) sample.
Purpose as a form of identity capital for positive youth adjustment.
Overall, findings suggest that cultivating a sense of purpose in life may be an important mechanism through which a stable identity contributes to well-being.
Profiles of a Developmental Asset: Youth Purpose as a Context for Hope and Well-Being
Cluster analysis supported four meaningful yet distinguishable profiles of youth purpose that are largely consistent with theories on identity formation and suggest a correspondence between stronger commitments to purpose and youths’ sense of personal agency and well-being.
Training versus engagement as paths to cognitive enrichment with aging.
The findings suggest that training and engagement models may offer alternative routes to cognitive resilience in late life, suggesting that comfort with novelty and an ability to manage social resources may be additional factors contributing to the capacity to take advantage of the environmental complexity associated with engagement.
Mechanisms and Implications
Stability represents a fundamental concept in developmental theory and research. In this article we give an overview of recent work on personality traits and their stability in adulthood. First, we…