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This work proposes 2 new measures to separate error from bias in the domain of personality judgment and performance, and estimates a defensible bias and an enhancement error from individuals' actual and perceived similarity with others.
Self-enhancement: Conceptualization and Assessment
Self-enhancement bias is conventionally construed as an unwarranted social comparison in social psychology and a misperception of social reality in personality psychology. Researchers in both fields…
65% of Americans believe they are above average in intelligence: Results of two nationally representative surveys
It is suggested that a tendency to overrate one’s cognitive abilities may be a stable feature of human psychology and not always unrealistic: more educated people were more likely to think their intelligence is above average.
The Heuristic Value of p in Inductive Statistical Inference
It is concluded that despite its general usefulness, the p-value cannot bear the full burden of inductive inference; it is but one of several heuristic cues available to the data analyst.
Objecting to experiments that compare two unobjectionable policies or treatments
It is concluded that rigorously evaluating policies or treatment via pragmatic randomized trials may provoke greater objection than simply implementing those same policies or treatments untested.
Putting the P-Value in its Place
ABSTRACT As the debate over best statistical practices continues in academic journals, conferences, and the blogosphere, working researchers (e.g., psychologists) need to figure out how much time and…
No Evidence That Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth: Two Failures to Replicate Williams and Bargh (2008)
- C. Chabris, P. Heck, Jaclyn Mandart, D. Benjamin, D. Simons
- PsychologySocial Psychology
- 10 December 2018
Williams and Bargh (2008) reported that holding a hot cup of coffee caused participants to judge a person’s personality as warmer and that holding a therapeutic heat pad caused participants to choose…
Social Perception of Self-Enhancement Bias and Error
Abstract. How do social observers perceive and judge individuals who self-enhance (vs. not)? Using a decision-theoretic framework, we distinguish between self-enhancement bias and error, where the…
Information Avoidance in Genetic Health: Perceptions, Norms, and Preferences
It is suggested that avoiding information about oneself may have negative consequences for social interaction, the patient-provider relationship, and health.
Population Whole Exome Screening: Primary Care Provider Attitudes About Preparedness, Information Avoidance, and Nudging.