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Procedures for the Analysis of Comparative Data Using Phylogenetically Independent Contrasts
Any (continuous) trait that is inherited from ancestors is appropriate for analysis, regardless of the mechanism of inheritance (e.g., genetic or cultural), according to Felsenstein's method. Expand
Phylogenetic Analysis and Comparative Data: A Test and Review of Evidence
Simulations show λ to be a statistically powerful index for measuring whether data exhibit phylogenetic dependence or not and whether it has low rates of Type I error, which demonstrates that even partial information on phylogeny will improve the accuracy of phylogenetic analyses. Expand
Testing macro–evolutionary models using incomplete molecular phylogenies
  • O. Pybus, P. Harvey
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London…
  • 22 November 2000
New statistical methods are developed and used to infer past patterns of speciation and extinction from molecular phylogenies that suggest that, in some cases, speciation rates have decreased through time. Expand
The comparative method in evolutionary biology
The comparative method for studying adaptation why worry about phylogeny? reconstructing phylogenetic trees and ancestral character states comparative analysis of discrete data comparative analysisExpand
The reconstructed evolutionary process.
This work derives probability models for phylogenies reconstructed from contemporary taxa, allowing real data to be compared with specified null models of evolution, and lineage birth and death rates to be estimated. Expand
Over 40 years ago, ornithologists studying the movement of birds in relation to their birth and breeding sites were preoccupied with estimating the extent of mixing of individuals within a species's range, with major disagreements about how far young birds dispersed. Expand
Testis weight, body weight and breeding system in primates
The hypothesis that selection will favour the male that can deposit the largest number of sperm means that the volume of spermatogenic tissue and hence testis size is far greater in the chimpanzee than in the gorilla or orangutan, and the results support the hypothesis. Expand
Extinction rates can be estimated from molecular phylogenies.
It is illustrated how molecular phylogenies provide information about the extent to which particular clades are likely to be under threat from extinction and how different evolutionary processes leave distinctive marks on the structure of reconstructed phylogenies. Expand
Tempo and mode of evolution revealed from molecular phylogenies.
The analysis of the tempo and mode of evolution has a strong tradition in paleontology. Recent advances in molecular phylogenetic reconstruction make it possible to complement this work by using dataExpand