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Transcription-coupled DNA repair: two decades of progress and surprises
Expressed genes are scanned by translocating RNA polymerases, which sensitively detect DNA damage and initiate transcription-coupled repair (TCR), a subpathway of nucleotide excision repair thatExpand
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Expression of the p48 xeroderma pigmentosum gene is p53-dependent and is involved in global genomic repair.
In human cells, efficient global genomic repair of DNA damage induced by ultraviolet radiation requires the p53 tumor suppressor, but the mechanism has been unclear. The p48 gene is required forExpand
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Comparative gene expression profiles following UV exposure in wild-type and SOS-deficient Escherichia coli.
The SOS response in UV-irradiated Escherichia coli includes the upregulation of several dozen genes that are negatively regulated by the LexA repressor. Using DNA microarrays containing amplified DNAExpand
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Evolution of the SNF2 family of proteins: subfamilies with distinct sequences and functions.
The SNF2 family of proteins includes representatives from a variety of species with roles in cellular processes such as transcriptional regulation (e.g. MOT1, SNF2 and BRM), maintenance of chromosomeExpand
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Subpathways of nucleotide excision repair and their regulation
Nucleotide excision repair provides an important cellular defense against a large variety of structurally unrelated DNA alterations. Most of these alterations, if unrepaired, may contribute toExpand
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Selective removal of transcription-blocking DNA damage from the transcribed strand of the mammalian DHFR gene
We find a dramatic difference in the efficiency of removal of UV-induced pyrimidine dimers from the transcribed and nontranscribed strands of the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene in culturedExpand
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p53-Mediated DNA Repair Responses to UV Radiation: Studies of Mouse Cells Lacking p53, p21, and/orgadd45 Genes
ABSTRACT Human cells lacking functional p53 exhibit a partial deficiency in nucleotide excision repair (NER), the pathway for repair of UV-induced DNA damage. The global genomic repair (GGR)Expand
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A phylogenomic study of DNA repair genes, proteins, and processes.
The ability to recognize and repair abnormal DNA structures is common to all forms of life. Studies in a variety of species have identified an incredible diversity of DNA repair pathways. DocumentingExpand
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DNA repair in an active gene: Removal of pyrimidine dimers from the DHFR gene of CHO cells is much more efficient than in the genome overall
DNA repair was measured in the dihydrofolate reductase gene in Chinese hamster ovary cells, amplified for the gene, by quantitating pyrimidine dimers with a specific UV-endonuclease. More than twoExpand
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Xeroderma pigmentosum p48 gene enhances global genomic repair and suppresses UV-induced mutagenesis.
UV-damaged DNA-binding activity (UV-DDB) is deficient in some xeroderma pigmentosum group E individuals due to mutation of the p48 gene, but its role in DNA repair has been obscure. We found thatExpand
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