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Spectrum of gluten-related disorders: consensus on new nomenclature and classification
This review will summarize the current knowledge about the three main forms of gluten reactions: allergic (wheat allergy), autoimmune (celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis and gluten ataxia) and possibly immune-mediated (gluten sensitivity), and also outline pathogenic, clinical and epidemiological differences and propose new nomenclature and classifications.
Prevalence of celiac disease in at-risk and not-at-risk groups in the United States: a large multicenter study.
The results suggest that CD occurs frequently not only in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms, but also in first- and second-degree relatives and patients with numerous common disorders even in the absence of gastrointestinal symptoms.
Coordinated induction by IL15 of a TCR-independent NKG2D signaling pathway converts CTL into lymphokine-activated killer cells in celiac disease.
The Oslo definitions for coeliac disease and related terms
A multidisciplinary task force of 16 physicians from seven countries used the electronic database PubMed to review the literature for CD-related terms and suggested a definition for each term, followed by feedback through a web survey on definitions and discussions during a meeting in Oslo.
Diagnosis and management of adult coeliac disease: guidelines from the British Society of Gastroenterology
A multidisciplinary panel of 18 physicians and 3 non-physicians from eight countries reviewed the literature on diagnosis and management of adult coeliac disease and the recommendations are presented.
Refractory sprue (nonresponsive celiac disease) appears to be a manifestation of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma in most cases, and screening of selected population groups may reveal many new cases.
Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity: The New Frontier of Gluten Related Disorders
The major advances and current trends on Non Celiac Gluten sensitivity are reported, including an overlap between the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and NCGS has been detected, requiring even more stringent diagnostic criteria.
Characteristics of adult celiac disease in the USA: results of a national survey
Patients with celiac disease in the United States have a long duration of symptoms and consider their diagnosis delayed, and improved quality of life after diagnosis is common, with an increased risk of developing small intestine malignancies.
Reprogramming of CTLs into natural killer–like cells in celiac disease
It is suggested that a stepwise transformation of CTLs into NK-like cells may underlie immunopathology in various chronic infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Economic burden of a gluten-free diet.
- A. R. Lee, D. Ng, J. Zivin, P. Green
- MedicineJournal of human nutrition and dietetics : the…
- 1 October 2007
Gluten-free foods have poor availability and are more expensive than their gluten-containing counterparts, and the impact of these findings on dietary compliance and the quality of life needs to be addressed.