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New Insight into the History of Domesticated Apple: Secondary Contribution of the European Wild Apple to the Genome of Cultivated Varieties
TLDR
It is shown that the evolution of domesticated apples occurred over a long time period and involved more than one wild species, supporting the view that self-incompatibility, a long lifespan, and cultural practices such as selection from open-pollinated seeds have facilitated introgression from wild relatives and the maintenance of genetic variation during domestication.
On the Origin and Spread of the Scab Disease of Apple: Out of Central Asia
TLDR
V. inaequalis is a model of invasive phytopathogenic fungus that has now reached the ultimate stage of the invasion process with a broad geographic distribution and well-established populations displaying high genetic variability, regular sexual reproduction, and demographic expansion.
Origin, Migration Routes and Worldwide Population Genetic Structure of the Wheat Yellow Rust Pathogen Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici
TLDR
The Middle East-East Africa is confirmed as the most likely source of newly spreading, high-temperature-adapted strains; Europe as the source of South American, North American and Australian populations; and Mediterranean-Central Asian populations as the origin of South African populations.
The population biology of fungal invasions
TLDR
It is shown that successful invasions can occur even when life history traits are particularly unfavourable to long‐distance dispersal and even with a strong bottleneck, and concluded that fungal invasions are valuable models to contribute to the authors' view of biological invasions.
Emergence of wheat blast in Bangladesh was caused by a South American lineage of Magnaporthe oryzae
TLDR
The findings suggest that genomic surveillance can be rapidly applied to monitor plant disease outbreaks and provide valuable information regarding the identity and origin of the infectious agent.
Postglacial recolonization history of the European crabapple (Malus sylvestris Mill.), a wild contributor to the domesticated apple
TLDR
This work used a combination of genetic data and ecological niche models to investigate the historical patterns of biogeographic range expansion of a wild fruit tree, the European crabapple (Malus sylvestris), a wild contributor to the domesticated apple.
cloncase: Estimation of sex frequency and effective population size by clonemate resampling in partially clonal organisms
TLDR
The cloncase estimator presented herein is the first method allowing accurate inference of both sex frequency and effective population size from population data without knowledge of recombination or mutation rates, and should be very useful for improving the understanding of pest and microbial population biology.
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