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Introducing compassion-focused therapy
Shame and self-criticism are transdiagnostic problems. People who experience them may struggle to feel relieved, reassured or safe. Research suggests that a specialised affect regulation system (or
Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self‐criticism: overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach
Compassionate mind training (CMT) was developed for people with high shame and self-criticism, whose problems tend to be chronic, and who find self-warmth and self-acceptance difficult and/or
The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy.
  • P. Gilbert
  • Psychology
    The British journal of clinical psychology
  • 1 March 2014
TLDR
The importance of developing people's capacity to (mindfully) access, tolerate, and direct affiliative motives and emotions, for themselves and others, and cultivate inner compassion as a way for organizing the authors' human 'tricky brain' in prosocial and mentally healthy ways is highlighted.
Criticizing and reassuring oneself: An exploration of forms, styles and reasons in female students.
TLDR
Self-criticism is not a single process but has different forms, functions, and underpinning emotions, which indicates a need for more detailed research into the variations of self-Criticism and the mechanisms for developing self-reassurance.
Compassion Focused Therapy: Distinctive Features
Part I: Theory: Understanding the Model. Some Basics. A Personal Journey. The Evolved Mind and Compassion Focused Therapy. Multi-mind. Attachment and the Importance of Affection. Affect Regulation:
The relationship of shame, social anxiety and depression: the role of the evaluation of social rank
This study explores the associations between shame, depression and social anxiety from the perspective of social rank theory (Price and Sloman, 1987; Gilbert, 1989, 1992). Social rank theory argues
The role of defeat and entrapment (arrested flight) in depression: an exploration of an evolutionary view.
BACKGROUND The social rank theory of psychopathology suggests that with the evolution of social hierarchies various psychobiological mechanisms became attuned to the success or failure in conflict
The evolution of social attractiveness and its role in shame, humiliation, guilt and therapy.
  • P. Gilbert
  • Psychology
    The British journal of medical psychology
  • 1 June 1997
TLDR
It is suggested that humans have innate needs to be seen as attractive to others, which form the basis for shame and mediate evaluations of social standing, social acceptance and social bonds.
Fears of compassion: development of three self-report measures.
TLDR
The importance of exploring how and why some people may actively resist engaging in compassionate experiences or behaviours and be fearful of affiliative emotions in general is suggested.
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