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Sensitization to 26 fragrances to be labelled according to current European regulation
To study the frequency of sensitization to 26 fragrances to be labelled according to current European regulation. During 4 periods of 6 months, from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2004, 26 fragrancesExpand
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National rates and regional differences in sensitization to allergens of the standard series
Sensitization rates to contact allergens vary between centers and are influenced by sex and age. Eliminating the latter 2 factors by standardization of data by age and sex, the present analysisExpand
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Monitoring levels of preservative sensitivity in Europe
A 10‐year multicentre analysis of the frequency of sensitivity to common preservatives collected in 16 centres in 11 countries has shown stable but persisting high levels of sensitivity toExpand
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The European standard series in 9 European countries, 2002/2003 – First results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies
Since January 2001, the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA), supported by European Union funding (contract QLK4‐CT‐2001‐00343), has started to collect patch‐test data. ThisExpand
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The soap chamber test. A new method for assessing the irritancy of soaps.
  • P. Frosch, A. Kligman
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
  • Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • 1 July 1979
The chamber test for assessing the irritancy of soaps entails five weekday exposures to 8% solutions with readings of scaling, redness, and fissuring on the following Monday. Eighteen well-knownExpand
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Patch testing with fragrances: results of a multicenter study of the European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group with 48 frequently used constituents of perfumes
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of reactivity to a series of commonly fragrances in dermatological patients. A total of 48 fragrances (FF) were chosen, based on theExpand
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Adverse reactions to fragrances
This article reviews side‐effects of fragrance materials present in cosmetics with emphasis on clinical aspects: epidemiology, type, of adverse reactions, clinical picture, diagnostic procedures, andExpand
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Hand eczema severity and quality of life: a cross‐sectional, multicentre study of hand eczema patients
Background and Objectives:  Hand eczema is a chronic disease with negative impact on quality of life (QoL). In this study, QoL in hand eczema patients is assessed and related to age, sex, severity,Expand
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The European baseline series in 10 European Countries, 2005/2006 – Results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA)
Background: Continual surveillance based on patch test results has proved useful for the identification of contact allergy.
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Monitoring the European standard series in 10 centres 1996–2000
A 5‐year retrospective study of the frequency of sensitization to the 25 allergens of the European standard series (ESS) was conducted in 10 centres in 8 European countries. Included were the resultsExpand
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