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A Massive Pulsar in a Compact Relativistic Binary
Introduction Neutron stars with masses above 1.8 solar masses (M☉), possess extreme gravitational fields, which may give rise to phenomena outside general relativity. These strong-field deviations…
THE SECOND FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE CATALOG OF GAMMA-RAY PULSARS
This catalog summarizes 117 high-confidence > 0.1 GeV gamma-ray pulsar detections using three years of data acquired by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi satellite. Half are neutron stars…
Masses, Radii, and the Equation of State of Neutron Stars
We summarize our current knowledge of neutron-star masses and radii. Recent instrumentation and computational advances have resulted in a rapid increase in the discovery rate and precise timing of…
A Double-Pulsar System: A Rare Laboratory for Relativistic Gravity and Plasma Physics
The detection of the 2.8-second pulsar J0737–3039B as the companion to the 23-millisecond pulsars in a highly relativistic double neutron star system, allowing unprecedented tests of fundamental gravitational physics.
A repeating fast radio burst
These repeat bursts with high dispersion measure and variable spectra specifically seen from the direction of FRB 121102 support an origin in a young, highly magnetized, extragalactic neutron star.
The First Fermi Large Area Telescope Catalog of Gamma-ray Pulsars
The dramatic increase in the number of known gamma-ray pulsars since the launch of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (formerly GLAST) offers the first opportunity to study a population of these…
A Radio Pulsar Spinning at 716 Hz
- J. Hessels, S. Ransom, I. Stairs, P. Freire, V. Kaspi, F. Camilo
- Physics, MedicineScience
- 16 January 2006
A 716-hertz eclipsing binary radio pulsar in the globular cluster Terzan 5 using the Green Bank Telescope is discovered, it is the fastest spinning neutron star found to date, and constrains models that suggest that gravitational radiation, through an r-mode (Rossby wave) instability, limits the maximum spin frequency of neutron stars.
Fast Radio Burst Discovered in the Arecibo Pulsar ALFA Survey
Recent work has exploited pulsar survey data to identify temporally isolated, millisecond-duration radio bursts with large dispersion measures (DMs). These bursts have been interpreted as arising…
Detection of Ionized Gas in the Globular Cluster 47 Tucanae
We report the detection of ionized intracluster gas in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae. Pulsars in this cluster with a negative period derivative, which must lie in the distant half of the cluster,…
Tests of General Relativity from Timing the Double Pulsar
By measuring relativistic corrections to the Keplerian description of the orbital motion, it is found that the “post-Keplerian” parameter s agrees with the value predicted by general relativity within an uncertainty of 0.05%, the most precise test yet obtained.