Share This Author
Functional anorectal disorders.
Functional fecal incontinence is a common, but underrecognized symptom, which is equally prevalent in men and women, and can often cause considerable distress, and the clinical features are useful for guiding diagnostic testing and therapy.
A vegan or vegetarian diet substantially alters the human colonic faecal microbiota
Maintaining a strict vegan or vegetarian diet results in a significant shift in the microbiota while total cell numbers remain unaltered, and stool pH and counts of E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae were significantly correlated across all subgroups.
The placebo response in medicine: minimize, maximize or personalize?
- P. Enck, U. Bingel, M. Schedlowski, W. Rief
- Psychology, MedicineNature Reviews Drug Discovery
- 1 March 2013
Three strategies that could be used to modulate the placebo response, depending on which stage of the drug development process they are applied are discussed.
Irritable bowel syndrome
The past decade has seen remarkable progress in the understanding of functional bowel disorders such as IBS that will be summarized in this Primer.
New Insights into the Placebo and Nocebo Responses
Tolerance for rectosigmoid distention in irritable bowel syndrome.
Weight gain in anorexia nervosa does not ameliorate the faecal microbiota, branched chain fatty acid profiles, and gastrointestinal complaints
Upon weight gain, microbial richness increased, however perturbations in intestinal microbiota and short chain fatty acid profiles in addition to several gastrointestinal symptoms did not recover, providing new leads to modulate the intestinal microbiota in order to improve the outcomes of the standard therapy.
Functional disorders of the anus and rectum
- W. Whitehead, A. Wald, N. Diamant, P. Enck, J. Pembérton, S. C. Rao
- Medicine, PsychologyGut
- 1 September 1999
The epidemiology of each functional anorectal disorders is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested.
Intestinal Microbiota And Diet in IBS: Causes, Consequences, or Epiphenomena?
- M. Rajilić-Stojanović, D. Jonkers, J. Penders
- Medicine, BiologyThe American Journal of Gastroenterology
- 27 January 2015
This review describes pathways (mechanisms) by which diet components, via the microbial fermentation, could trigger IBS symptoms and suggests recommendations for future studies that would enable elucidation of the role of diet and microbiota and how these factors may be (inter)related in the pathophysiology of IBS.
Processing of food, body and emotional stimuli in anorexia nervosa: a systematic review and meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies.
- Yikang Zhu, Xiaochen Hu, P. Enck
- Psychology, BiologyEuropean eating disorders review : the journal of…
- 1 November 2012
Although no robust brain activation has been found in response to emotional stimuli, emotion-related neural networks are involved in the processing of food and body stimuli among anorexia nervosa patients, suggesting that negative emotional arousal is related to cognitive processing bias in AN.